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India has one of the world's highest incidences of oral cancer. The habit of chewing betel quid is widespread and is suspected to play a role in the etiology of this disease. Studies in many other countries have also pointed to a role for human papilloma-viruses (HPVs) in the etiology of some oral cancers. In this study we analyzed biopsies from 91 Indian(More)
We conducted a double-blind placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the chemopreventive potential of either vitamin A alone or beta carotene alone in subjects with oral leukoplakia in Kerala, India. We randomised 160 fishermen and women with oral precancerous lesions to receive oral vitamin A (retinyl acetate 300,000 IU/week x 12 months, n = 50), or beta(More)
Between 1996 and 1999 we carried out a case-control study in 3 areas in Southern India (Bangalore, Madras and Trivandrum) including 591 incident cases of cancer of the oral cavity (282 women) and 582 hospital controls (290 women), frequency-matched with cases by age and gender. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were obtained from(More)
We examined the genomic diversity of human papillomavirus type 6 (HPV-6) and HPV-11 isolates from different parts of the world by comparing the nucleotide sequences of part of the long control region of three reference clones and 62 HPV-6 and 40 HPV-11 isolates from Africa, Europe, Asia, and North and South America. The genomic sequence of the HPV-6b(More)
Gestational Trophoblastic Disease is an abnormal condition of the placenta, the incidence of which is very high in the state of Kerala, India. The proliferative rate of molar placentas in comparison with the normal placentas of comparable gestational age group was done in order to find out its role in the prognosis of this tumor by assessing the expression(More)
Oral cancer is the most common malignancy in India, having a well defined precancerous state, leukoplakia. Various follow-up studies have shown that only 4 to 18% of oral leukoplakia lesions subsequently progress into invasive malignancy over a period of time. This study evaluates the potential of electron microscopy in the early detection of malignant(More)
The aim of this study was to see whether serial cytological evaluation of various cellular abnormalities in tumours from patients receiving fractionated radiotherapy can predict radio-response in oral carcinoma. Cytological assessment was carried out in scrape smears collected prior to and during the course of radiotherapy in 68 patients with squamous cell(More)
Adhesion molecules, particularly cadherins play a pivotal role in cancer invasion and metastasis. Because the therapeutic management of tumors with and without nodal metastasis differs considerably, our idea was to identify tumors with metastatic potential. We studied the expression of E-cadherin and P-cadherin immunohistochemically in 51 cases of breast(More)
Clinical and prognostic significance of radiation associated eosinophilia (RAE) and radiation associated monocytosis (RAM) was evaluated in 176 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix followed up after radiotherapy. Significant RAE was noticed in patients with Stages I/IIA and IIB who remained disease-free after treatment. On the(More)
Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) is a chronic disease of the oral mucosa characterized by inflammation and a progressive fibrosis of the lamina propria and deeper connective tissues. It is a condition predominantly seen among people of Indian origin, and an epidemiologic survey done a decade ago showed no less than 250,000 cases in India, a figure that must(More)