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Central neurocytomas (CN) are uncommon tumors of the central nervous system, most descriptions of which available in the literature are in the form of isolated case reports and small series. Owing to this rare incidence, diagnosis and management of this neoplasm remain controversial. Usually, these tumors affect lateral ventricles of young adults and(More)
Over the last two decades, an increase in the incidence of PCNSL cases has been reported in the West, both among immunosuppressed and immunocompetent patients. The present study was undertaken to assess the trend of incidence of PCNSL cases in India. To the best of our knowledge, only a single such report is available from India. All biopsy proven PCNSL(More)
INTRODUCTION Meningioangiomatosis (MA) is a rare lesion, probably of malformative origin, consisting of meningovascular proliferation and leptomeningeal calcification. Patients with MA usually present with seizures or persistent headaches. Neurofibromatosis may be associated in a variable proportion of patients, while in others it may be sporadic. Surgical(More)
BACKGROUND Rasmussen encephalitis (RE) is a chronic epileptic disorder of unknown etiology, and is clinically characterized by progressive neurological deterioration, focal seizures often progressing to intractable epilepsy, cognitive decline and hemispheric atrophy. AIMS We report the spectrum of neuropathological changes seen in RE, and discuss the(More)
INTRODUCTION Giant cell glioblastomas (GCGs) and gliosarcomas are rare histological variants of glioblastoma multiforme (GBMs). The mean age of occurrence in GCG is 42 years, but occasional cases have been documented in children under 10 years of age. Clinically, they are associated with a better prognosis than conventional GBMs, with few reports(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) Patients generally have a dismal prognosis, with median survival of 10-12 months. GBM with long-term survival (LTS) of (3) > or = 5 years is rare, and no definite markers indicating better prognosis have been identified till date. The present study was undertaken to evaluate GBMs with LTS in order to identify additional(More)
Gliofibromas are rare glio-mesenchymal tumors composed of astrocytic and benign mesenchymal components, which commonly occur in the first two decades of life. They are not listed as a distinct entity in the current WHO classification of CNS tumors. Their biological behaviour is unknown, and histogenesis is debatable. We describe a case of(More)
Our objective was to examine the reliability of histological diagnosis achieved vis a vis the number of biopsy bits obtained along a single trajectory of the stereotactic needle. A retrospective analysis of stereotactic biopsies performed in a single tertiary care neurosciences center, during a period of 11 years, between 1995 to 2005 was done. The overall(More)
INTRODUCTION Embryonal tumours of the central nervous system (CNS) are the commonest malignant paediatric brain tumours. This group includes medulloblastomas, supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumours, atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumours, ependymoblastomas, and medulloepitheliomas. Earlier, all these tumours were grouped under a broad category of(More)
Medulloblastomas (MBs) are the most common malignant brain tumors in children. Current therapeutic approaches combine surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. Although, there has been significant improvement in long-term survival rates, the tumor remains incurable in about a third of patients while cognitive deficits and other sequelae of therapy are common(More)