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The transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signals are mediated by a family of at least nine SMAD proteins, of which SMAD5 is thought to relay signals of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) pathway. To investigate the role of SMAD5 during vertebrate development and tumorigenesis, we disrupted the Smad5 gene by homologous recombination. We showed that(More)
The CBFbeta subunit is the non-DNA-binding subunit of the heterodimeric core-binding factor (CBF). CBFbeta associates with DNA-binding CBFalpha subunits and increases their affinity for DNA. Genes encoding the CBFbeta subunit (CBFB) and one of the CBFalpha subunits (CBFA2, otherwise known as AML1) are the most frequent targets of chromosomal translocations(More)
Polymorphonuclear leukocytes are essential for host defense to infectious diseases. CCAAT/enhancer binding protein epsilon (C/EBP epsilon) is preferentially expressed in granulocytes and lymphoid cells. Mice with a null mutation in C/EBP epsilon develop normally and are fertile but fail to generate functional neutrophils and eosinophils. Opportunistic(More)
Mammalian core binding factor beta (CBFbeta) and Drosophila Brother (Bro) and Big-brother (Bgb) proteins are transcription factors that dimerize with mammalian Runx and Drosophila Runt and Lozenge proteins and augment their DNA binding affinity and transcriptional potency. CBFbeta is essential for development and sustenance of definitive hematopoiesis(More)
The gene encoding the transcriptional co-activator MN1 is the target of the reciprocal chromosome translocation (12;22)(p13;q12) in some patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In addition, expression array analysis showed that MN1 was overexpressed in AML specified by inv(16), in some AML overexpressing ecotropic viral integration 1 site (EVI1) and in(More)
Mammalian CBFB encodes a transcription factor (CBF beta) that in combination with CBF alpha 2 binds to specific DNA sequences and regulates expression of a number of hematopoietic genes. CBFB is associated with human leukemias through a chromosome 16 inversion and is essential for definitive hematopoiesis during mouse embryo development. We have isolated a(More)
Acute myeloid leukemia subtype M4 with eosinophilia is associated with a chromosome 16 inversion that creates a fusion gene CBFB-MYH11. We have previously shown that CBFB-MYH11 is necessary but not sufficient for leukemogenesis. Here, we report the identification of genes that specifically cooperate with CBFB-MYH11 in leukemogenesis. Neonatal injection of(More)
The fusion gene CBFB-MYH11 is generated by the chromosome 16 inversion associated with acute myeloid leukemias. This gene encodes a chimeric protein involving the core binding factor beta (CBFbeta) and the smooth-muscle myosin heavy chain (SMMHC). Mouse model studies suggest that this chimeric protein CBFbeta-SMMHC dominantly suppresses the function of CBF,(More)