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The medical records of patients admitted between 1985 and 2007 with wasp stings were retrospectively analyzed. Among the 45 children, seven developed acute renal failure. Classical clinical and laboratory data pointed to hemolysis and rhabdomyolysis as the underlying pathophysiology. All patients had hyponatremia and hyperkalemia as well as metabolic(More)
BACKGROUND Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common contributor to morbidity and mortality in newborns, with prevalences varying by population and hospital. A study of AKI in newborns in tertiary care centers in Thailand, a developing country with limited resources, has not been conducted yet. METHODS The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of(More)
Of the 363 Thai children upon whom a voiding cystouretrogram was performed, a vesicoureteral reflux was detected in 22.8% (17.1%-28.5%) of those for whom it was performed within 7 days (n = 215) of a urinary tract infection diagnosis and in 24.3% (17.4%-31.2%) of those for whom it was performed 7 days (n = 148) after diagnosis. There was no statistically(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study were to review the prevalence, cause, and morbidity and mortality rates of acute renal failure in a large tertiary care institution in southern Thailand, to examine any differences in acute renal failure cases diagnosed during a 22-year period, and to determine the risk factors indicating death. METHODS The case(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the outcome of acute kidney injury (AKI) in children with dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), the cause(s) of AKI, and the risk of AKI and fatality. STUDY DESIGN The medical records of patients age <15 years during 1989 to 2007 were reviewed. DHF-caused AKI and patients with DHF with no AKI were matched 1:2 by age. RESULTS DHF-caused(More)
INTRODUCTION Lupus nephritis (LN) is the major indicator of morbidity and mortality in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Many studies have found a significantly worse patient survival rate in patients with LN class IV than patients with other LN classes. OBJECTIVE The aim was to describe the severity and outcomes of LN in a group of Thai children. (More)
A knowledge of the causes and risk factors of fatal infection in childhood lupus nephritis (LN) patients treated with intravenous cyclophosphamide (IVCY) is important to enable optimal treatment. During an 11-year period (1996-2007), severe infection cases occurred in 31/84 (36.9%) patients with 64 infection episodes in our central referral institution in(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of a 36-month course of intravenous cyclophosphamide therapy for severe lupus nephritis in Thai children between October 1993 and December 2000. METHODS Intravenous cyclophosphamide combined with oral prednisolone was given for 36 months to patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who had severe renal(More)
Congenital and infantile nephrotic syndrome reported from the Eastern world is rare and might be a different entity from that in the West. In a retrospective review of 10 nephrotic syndrome in Thai infants (5 girls and 5 boys), 7 were diagnosed with congenital nephrotic syndrome and 3 with infantile nephrotic syndrome. Two had congenital nephrotic syndrome(More)