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In this paper, the development of an educational small-scale hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) system is discussed. It consists of all the key components of a real HEV that have been scaled down to provide an ideal test platform to evaluate and study hybrid powertrains. The overall configuration is designed to allow the scaled vehicle to emulate the behavior of(More)
In this paper, an optimization model is developed to find a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) optimum charging rate profile that dynamically varies throughout the day. From the grid point of view, the model takes into account the constraints of maximum demand and charging facilities, while from the driver’s point of view, waiting and charging(More)
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