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ensure the survival of an organism in periods of food unavailability. Two evolutionarily conserved, nutrient-sensing signaling pathways that promote stress adaptation following starvation are the general amino acid control pathway that activates GCN2 kinase and the target of rapamycin (TOR) kinase pathway [1]. In response to amino acid deprivation GCN2 is(More)
Processing bodies (PBs) and stress granules (SGs) are related, cytoplasmic RNA-protein complexes that contribute to post-transcriptional gene regulation in all eukaryotic cells. Both structures contain translationally repressed mRNAs and several proteins involved in silencing, stabilization or degradation of mRNAs, especially under environmental stress.(More)
This study examined the effects of three lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains on the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Lactobacillus salivarius, Lactobacillus reuteri, and Pediococcus acidilactici were found to inhibit the development and growth of the worm. Compared to Escherichia coli used as the control, L. reuteri and P. acidilactici reduced the lifespan(More)
The general control nonderepressible 2 (GCN2) kinase is a nutrient-sensing pathway that responds to amino acids deficiency and induces a genetic program to effectively maintain cellular homeostasis. Here we established the conserved role of Caenorhabditis elegans GCN-2 under amino acid limitation as a translation initiation factor 2 (eIF2) kinase. Using a(More)
PURPOSE To examine the impact of electromagnetic radiation, produced by GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) mobile phones, Wi-Fi (Wireless-Fidelity) routers and wireless DECT (Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications) phones, on the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. MATERIALS AND METHODS We exposed synchronized populations, of different(More)
In response to adverse environmental cues, Caenorhabditis elegans larvae can temporarily arrest development at the second moult and form dauers, a diapause stage that allows for long-term survival. This process is largely regulated by certain evolutionarily conserved signal transduction pathways, but it is also affected by miRNA-mediated(More)
Messenger RNA (mRNA) turnover that determines the lifetime of cytoplasmic mRNAs is a means to control gene expression under both normal and stress conditions, whereas its impact on ageing and age-related disorders has just become evident. Gene expression control is achieved at the level of the mRNA clearance as well as mRNA stability and accessibility to(More)
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