Popi E Lianou

Learn More
Anesthetic agents may impair host defense mechanisms including polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMNL) function. We have studied the effects of thiopentone and propofol in low (thiopentone 10 mg/L, propofol 2 mg/l) and high (thiopentone 40 mg/L, propofol 6 mg/L) clinically relevant concentrations on PMNL adherence, chemotaxis, phagocytosis and killing in vitro.(More)
The ability of polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMNs) from elderly healthy subjects and post-operative cancer patients to ingest and kill Clostridium difficile was studied. The percentage of phagocytosis in clinically healthy subjects aged 69-82 years ranged from 20.2 +/- 3.2 (mean +/- SD) to 34.1 +/- 4.2, depending on the strain of C. difficile, from 6.7 +/-(More)
Patients with malignancies are at high risk to develop infections by Candida albicans. We have compared the adherence of C. albicans isolated from urine cultures to bladder epithelial cells obtained from healthy volunteers and patients with cancer of the bladder. The mean number of C. albicans adhering per epithelial cell from areas infiltrated from cancer(More)
The effects of sera obtained from 18 patients with homozygous beta-thalassemia on the adherence and chemotaxis of normal polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs) was studied. The adherence of PMNLs suspended in thalassemic serum was 3.1% +/- 2.5% (mean +/- SD) compared with 17.9% +/- 8.0% adherence in control serum (P less than 0.00001). Zymosan-treated(More)
In the present study, neutrophil functions were examined in vitro in 40 patients suffering from fractures of the upper end of the femur (trochanteric and subcapital). Adherence to nylon, serum chemotaxis, and phagocytosis-bactericidal function were assayed. Three microbial strains, namely, Staphylococcus aureus, S. epidermidis, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa,(More)
We tested peripheral blood from 60 patients with definite multiple sclerosis (MS) and 60 healthy controls for polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMNL) functions and found significant disorders in adherence (9.07% +/- 8.18% for patients versus 28.97% +/- 5.76% for controls), chemotaxis (18.32 +/- 3.1 for patients versus 30.49 +/- 4.52 for controls), phagocytosis(More)
Culturing Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis and Klebsiella pneumoniae in the presence of subinhibitory concentrations (1/4 MIC) of trimethoprim, sulphamethoxazole or their combination, resulted in reduced adherence of all the above strains. The number of phagocytosed bacteria pre-exposed to subinhibitory concentrations of the above antibiotics was not(More)
Ciprofloxacin was administered to 10 healthy volunteers at a dose of 250 mg orally. Serum and polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs) were obtained from all subjects before the administration of the drug and 12 hours after the administration. In addition serum was obtained from all subjects at 24 and 48 hours after ciprofloxacin administration. All sera and(More)