Poornima Mahavadi

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RATIONALE The molecular pathomechanisms underlying idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) are elusive, but chronic epithelial injury has recently been suggested as key event. OBJECTIVES We investigated the possible implication of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-mediated apoptosis in sporadic IPF. METHODS We analyzed peripheral explanted lung tissues from(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and fatal disease for which no effective therapy exists to date. To identify the molecular mechanisms underlying IPF, we performed comparative proteome analysis of lung tissue from patients with sporadic IPF (n = 14) and human donor lungs (controls, n = 10) using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a life-threatening condition, with a median survival of <3 yrs. The pathophysiology is not fully understood, but chronic injury of alveolar epithelial type II cells (AECII) is considered key. In IPF, disturbed folding and processing of surfactant proteins and impaired DNA repair may represent underlying reasons for(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that disequilibrium of the alveolar oxidant-antioxidant balance may play a role in the pathogenesis of chronic fibrosing lung diseases. Excessive production of oxidants and a differential regulation of antioxidant enzymes have been described under these conditions. We characterized for the first time numerous nonenzymatic(More)
BACKGROUND Activation and differentiation of fibroblasts into contractile protein-expressing myofibroblasts and their acquired apoptosis-resistant phenotype are critical factors towards the development of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a fatal disease characterised by distorted pulmonary structure and excessive extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition.(More)
The magnetic order and critical behavior at well-defined surfaces of ultrathin ( 1.9-2.1) monolayer Fe{ lOO)p( 1 X 1) films, deposited at room temperature on atomically flat Pd( 100) substrate crystals, is investigated using electron-capture spectroscopy { ECS). Ferromagnetic order sets in at a surface Curie temperature Tc,=613.1 K. At room temperature, the(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis are associated with surfactant system dysfunction, alveolar collapse (derecruitment), and collapse induration (irreversible collapse). These events play undefined roles in the loss of lung function. The purpose of this study was to quantify how surfactant inactivation, alveolar(More)
Chronic injury of alveolar epithelial type II cells (AE2 cells) represents a key event in the development of lung fibrosis in animal models and in humans, such as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Intratracheal delivery of amiodarone to mice results in a profound injury and macroautophagy-dependent apoptosis of AE2 cells. Increased autophagy manifested(More)
UNLABELLED Among the idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIP), the two entities IPF and NSIP seem to be clinically related, but NSIP has a better outcome. The proteomic signatures which distinguish NSIP from IPF remain still elusive. We therefore performed comparative proteomic analysis of peripheral lung tissue from patients with sporadic IPF (n=14) and(More)
Amiodarone (AD) is a highly efficient antiarrhythmic drug with potentially serious side effects. Severe pulmonary toxicity is reported in patients receiving AD even at low doses and may cause interstitial pneumonia as well as lung fibrosis. Apoptosis of alveolar epithelial type II cells (AECII) has been suggested to play an important role in this disease.(More)