Poonam Singh Nigam

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This article reviews the utilization of first and second-generation biofuels as the suitable alternatives to depleting fossil fuels. Then the concern has been presented over a debate on most serious problem arising from the production of these biofuels; which is the increase of food market prices because of the increased use of arable land for the(More)
Dyes and dyestuffs find use in a wide range of industries but are of primary importance to textile manufacturing. Wastewater from the textile industry can contain a variety of polluting substances including dyes. Increasingly, environmental legislation is being imposed to control the release of dyes, in particular azo-based compounds, into the environment.(More)
Biofuels made from algal biomass are being considered as the most suitable alternative energy in current global and economical scenario. Microalgae are known to produce and accumulate lipids within their cell mass which is similar to those found in many vegetable oils. The efficient lipid producer algae cell mass has been reported to contain more than 30%(More)
Solid state (substrate) fermentation (SSF) has been used successfully for the production of enzymes and secondary metabolites. These products are associated with the stationary phase of microbial growth and are produced on an industrial scale for use in agriculture and the treatment of disease. Many of these secondary metabolites are still produced by(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to appraise variation in the chemical composition, and antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities of essential oils from the leaves of four Mentha species-M. arvensis, M. piperita, M. longifolia and M. spicata-as affected by harvesting season. Disc diffusion and broth microdilution susceptibility assays were used to(More)
A facultative anaerobic pure bacterial culture L-2 capable of growth on 12.5% (v/v) diluted digested spent wash supplemented with glucose (10g/l) was isolated from an Indian distillery. It achieved 31% decolorization and 57% COD reduction after 7 days' incubation. The advantages of using such a culture for digested spent wash bioremediation are apparent in(More)
The thermotolerant ethanol producing Kluyveromyces marxianus IMB3 yeast was used in eight 60m3 fermenters for industrial ethanol production in India using sugarcane molasses. Ethanol ranged between 6.0–7.2% (w/v) with added advantages of elimination of cooling during fermentation and shorter fermentation periods of 20h. © Rapid Science Ltd. 1998
Coriolopsis gallica and Phanerochaete chrysosporium were selected for their potential ability to degrade five dyes in an artificial effluent. Degradation experiments were carried out in N-rich (C:N ratio 11.6:1) and N-limited (116:1) conditions at an effluent concentration of 100 mg l–1. P. chrysosporium decolourised 53.6% of the effluent in N-rich(More)
Directed evolution is a new process for developing industrially viable biocatalysts. This technique does not require a comprehensive knowledge of the relationships between sequence structure and function of proteins as required by protein engineering. It mimics the process of Darwinian evolution in a test tube combining random mutagenesis and recombination(More)