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Lung CAD systems require the ability to classify a variety of pulmonary structures as part of the diagnostic process. The purpose of this work was to develop a methodology for fully automated voxel-by-voxel classification of airways, fissures, nodules, and vessels from chest CT images using a single feature set and classification method. Twenty-nine thin(More)
Antipsychotic-induced weight gain has emerged as a serious complication in the treatment of patients with atypical antipsychotic drugs. The cannabinoid receptor 1 (CNR1) is expressed centrally in the hypothalamic region and associated with appetite and satiety, as well as peripherally. An antagonist of CNR1 (rimonabant) has been effective in causing weight(More)
In the past decade, lung transplantation has become established as an accepted therapy for end-stage pulmonary disease. Complications of lung transplantation that may occur in the immediate or longer postoperative term include mechanical problems due to a size mismatch between the donor lung and the recipient thoracic cage; malposition of monitoring tubes(More)
The cellular and lymphocyte phenotypic composition of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and peripheral blood (PB) from 15 healthy, nonsmoking, asbestos-exposed shipyard workers (AEW) and 10 nonsmoking, age-matched unexposed workers (UEW) were compared. None of the AEW had clinical, radiographic, or physiologic evidence of asbestosis, but six had(More)
Two hundred seventy-five computed tomographic (CT) angiograms of the thoracic aorta were obtained over a period of approximately 4 years in patients with suspected or known aortic dissection. In all cases, unenhanced images were initially obtained, followed by contrast material-enhanced images. A variety of pitfalls were encountered that mimicked aortic(More)
Nerves are often visualized on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies of the soft tissues on the chest and shoulder girdle. To learn the reasons for the contrast between the nerves and adjacent tissues, the authors obtained a fresh specimen containing part of the brachial plexus nerves from the left axilla and compared MRI with x-ray projections and(More)
Primary mediastinal germ cell malignancies are uncommon neoplasms, usually presenting in young men. We review a case of a primary mediastinal seminoma occurring in a 23-year-old woman. The differential diagnosis, work-up and therapy for these lesions is discussed with emphasis on the role of magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of anterior(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Digital image compression reduces the storage requirements and network traffic on picture archiving and communications systems. Full-frame bit-allocation (FFBA) is an irreversible image-compression method based on the discrete cosine transform that provides for high compression ratios with a high degree of image fidelity. METHODS(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES The objective is to study the incremental effects of using a computer-aided lung nodule detection (CAD) system on the performance of a large pool of observers. MATERIALS AND METHODS A set of eight thin-section computed tomographic data sets with limited longitudinal coverage, containing a total of 22 lung nodules, was analyzed by(More)