Poonam Aggarwal

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The aim of this review is to discuss the potential usefulness of a novel class of biochemical markers, neoepitopes, in the context of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Critical Path Initiative, which emphasizes biomarkers of safety and efficacy as areas of pivotal interest. Examples of protein degradation fragments--neoepitopes--that have proven(More)
The contribution of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) to oxidative/nitrative stress is well-documented in inflammation, but difficult to quantify. Using a novel, recently developed assay for 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT), we characterized iNOS activity and its inhibition in preclinical models of inflammation. In particular, we utilized the 3-NT assay to(More)
OBJECTIVE Progression of joint damage in osteoarthritis (OA) is likely to result from an imbalance between cartilage degradation and synthesis processes. Markers reflecting these two components appear to be promising in predicting the rate of OA progression. Both N- and C-terminal propeptides of type II collagen reflect the rates of collagen type II(More)
Measurement of nitrotyrosine levels in biological fluids can serve as a biomarker for oxidative/nitrative damage arising from formation of reactive nitrogen species, including peroxynitrite. Peroxynitrite is formed by the reaction of the superoxide radical (O2.-) with the nitric oxide radical (.NO) that is generated by nitric oxide synthase (NOS). This(More)
Destruction of cartilage by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) plays a significant role in the pathology of osteoarthritis (OA). A translatable biomarker of MMP activity would enable development of MMP inhibitors for the treatment of OA and potentially the improved diagnosis of OA. A directed approach to identifying specific MMP cleavage products as potential(More)
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein 5 (IGFBP-5) has been proposed to promote cartilage anabolism through insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) signaling. A proteolytic activity towards IGFBP-5 has been detected in synovial fluids from human osteoarthritic (OA) joints. The purpose of this study was to determine if protease activity towards IGFBP-5 is(More)
BACKGROUND Ligand-binding assays are a tool used for the quantification of antibody therapies. When assay format changes are required during the drug development process it is advisable to assess these formats ensuring the resulting data can be compared. In this article, we outline the method and results obtained comparing an anti-idiotype capture and a(More)
Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) is an important mechanism of action (MOA) of several therapeutic antibody drugs and evaluation in ADCC bioassays is important in antibody drug development and maintenance. Three types of effector cells now routinely used in bioassay evaluation of ADCC are natural killer cells from human donors(More)
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease that has no FDA-approved treatment. The current standard of care does not address the regeneration of the damaged cartilage. Human growth hormone (hGH) is part of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 axis. There has been preclinical data that suggest its potential regenerative property in the joint.(More)
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