Ponnandai Sadasivan Somasundar

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BACKGROUND Surgical resection of malignant hepatic tumors has been demonstrated to increase overall survival; however, the majority of patients are not candidates for resection. For patients with unresectable tumors, various chemical and thermal ablation modalities have been developed. microwave coagulation therapy (MCT) is one such thermal ablation(More)
BACKGROUND The adipocyte hormone leptin has been shown to increase migration and angiogenesis in epithelial cells. Therefore, we hypothesized that leptin would induce prostate cancer cell migration and growth factor expression in vitro. METHODS Prostate cancer cell lines DU145 and PC-3 (androgen-resistant) were treated with leptin over time. Supernatants(More)
BACKGROUND Totally laparoscopic (without hand-assist) resection for rectal cancer continues to evolve, and both obesity and locally advanced disease are perceived to add to the complexity of these procedures. There is a paucity of data on the impact of obesity on perioperative and oncologic outcomes for totally-laparoscopic rectal cancer resection (TLRR)(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES This study is a review of 14 patients with paragangliomas between 1986 and 1996. The purpose was to determine the sites of origin, clinical manifestations and analyze the benefits of different treatment modalities. METHODS There were 20 tumors in 14 patients. Three (21.0%) of the patients had familial history. There were 7 (50%)(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is considered a risk for many cancers. Serum leptin levels are often elevated in obese people. Leptin acts as a mitogenic agent in many tissues; therefore, it may act to promote cancer cell growth. We previously demonstrated that leptin acts as a growth factor for prostate cancer cells in vitro. The purpose of this study was to(More)
INTRODUCTION Leptin, a protein produced by adipocytes, is an important signaling molecule in energy regulation and food intake. Many obese patients have leptin resistance associated with increased circulating leptin. Leptin receptor activation downregulates many regulatory genes, including STAT-3 and PAP 1. Certain cancers are associated with obesity,(More)
BACKGROUND Patients receiving chemotherapy are at increased risk for developing recurrent or post-incisional hernias (PIH). Biological materials are an alternative to synthetic mesh in contaminated fields. The impact of chemotherapy on biomaterial tissue ingrowth and integration has not been well studied. METHODS From 2008 to 2011 patients who underwent(More)
BACKGROUND Sorafenib is currently approved for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and is presently being studied as an adjuvant treatment for HCC following resection. The effects of sorafenib on liver regeneration have not been clearly defined. Our objective was to identify the effects of sorafenib on liver regeneration in a murine partial hepatectomy(More)
BACKGROUND Monopolar radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a well accepted modality for local control of hepatic tumours, but its effectiveness is challenged by prolonged ablation time, an inconsistent ablation zone and susceptibility to energy loss from convective heat loss from adjacent high-velocity blood flows ('heat sinks'). Bipolar RFA employs a dual(More)