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The small heat shock protein (sHSP) from the hyperthermophile Pyrococcus furiosus was specifically induced at the level of transcription by heat shock at 105 degrees C. The gene encoding this protein was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant sHSP prevented the majority of E. coli proteins from aggregating in vitro for up to 40 min at(More)
To characterize cytoskeletal components of archaea, the ftsZ gene from Thermoplasma acidophilum was cloned and sequenced. In T. acidophilum ftsZ, which is involved in cell division, was found to be in an operon with the pyrF gene, which encodes orotidine-5'-monophosphate decarboxylase (ODC), an essential enzyme in pyrimidine biosynthesis. Both ftsZ and pyrF(More)
The hyperthermophilic archaeon, Pyrococcus furiosus, expresses a small, α-crystallin-like protein in response to exposure to extreme temperatures, above 103°C. The P. furiosus small heat shock protein (Pfu-sHSP) forms large oligomeric complexes. Based on the available crystal structures of the Methanocaldococcus jannaschii and wheat sHSPs, the protruding(More)
Pyrococcus furiosus, a hyperthermophilic archaeon growing optimally at 100 degrees C, encodes three protein chaperones, a small heat shock protein (sHsp), a prefoldin (Pfd), and a chaperonin (Cpn). In this study, we report that the passive chaperones sHsp and Pfd from P. furiosus can boost the protein refolding activity of the ATP-dependent Cpn from the(More)
Many microorganisms from extreme environments have been well characterized, and increasing access to genomic sequence data has recently allowed the analysis of the protein families related to stress responses. Heat shock proteins appear to be ubiquitous in extremophiles. In this review, we focus on the family of small heat shock proteins (sHSPs) from(More)
Fibril fragmentation is considered to be an essential step in prion replication. Recent studies have revealed a strong correlation between the incubation period to prion disease and conformational stability of synthetic prions. To gain insight into the molecular mechanism that accounts for this correlation, we proposed that the conformational stability of(More)
The Methanococcoides burtonii small heat shock protein (Mb-sHsp) is an alphaB-crystallin homolog that delivers protein stabilizing and protective functions to model enzymes, presumably reflecting its role as a molecular chaperone in vivo. Although the gene encoding Mb-shsp was cloned from a cold-adapted microorganism, the Mb-sHsp is an efficient protein(More)
The hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus (Pf) grows optimally at 100 degrees C and encodes single genes for the Group II chaperonin (Cpn), Pf Cpn and alpha-crystallin homolog, the small Heat shock protein (sHsp). Recombinant Pf Cpn is exceptionally thermostable and remained active in high ionic strength, and up to 3M guanidine hydrochloride(More)
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