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Antigen presenting cells recognize pathogens via pattern recognition receptors (PRR), which upon ligation transduce intracellular signals that can induce innate immune responses. Because some C-type lectin-like receptors (e.g. dectin-1 and DCSIGN) were shown to act as PRR for particular microbes, we considered a similar role for dectin-2. Binding assays(More)
Three cases of Langerhans' cell histiocytosis with unusual clinical and histopathologic features are described. The first two cases illustrate diagnostic pitfalls that underscore the importance of considering Langerhans' cell histiocytosis in the differential diagnosis of purpuric papular eruptions of the scalp and intertriginous areas, particularly in(More)
We have recently demonstrated that a single dose (200 J/m2) of UVB radiation abrogates the capacity of mouse epidermal Langerhans cells (LC) or splenic adherent cells (SAC) to present keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) to Ag-specific, MHC-restricted CD4+ Th1 cells. In the present study we determined whether such Th1 unresponsiveness represented long-lasting(More)
A principal mechanism by which ultraviolet (UV) B radiation exerts its selective and antigen-specific suppressive influence on immune responses is through its effects on the capacity of antigen-presenting cells (APC) in skin, primarily Langerhans cells (LC), to differentially activate T-cell subsets. Recent evidence has indicated that LC, following UVB(More)
Receptor-ligand interactions between APCs and T cells determine whether stimulation of the latter leads to activation or inhibition. Previously, we showed that dendritic cell-associated heparin sulfate proteoglycan-dependent integrin ligand (DC-HIL) on APC can inhibit T cell activation by binding an unknown ligand expressed on activated T cells. Because(More)
Spleen dendritic cells (DC) and epidermal Langerhans cells (LC) belong to the same family of dendritic leukocytes and are considered to be prototypes of lymphoid DC and nonlymphoid DC, respectively. These cells are active APC in vitro and play a key role in the induction of primary T cell dependent immune responses in vivo. Two functional states of LC have(More)
Epidermal cells (EC) are a rich source of cytokines that can regulate the function of cells in skin and in other tissues. To organize the array of data pertaining to cytokine expression by EC subpopulations, we have tabulated such data according to cell source, state of cell activation, and type of assay employed. This information forms a background for our(More)
T-cell activation is the net product of competing positive and negative signals transduced by regulatory molecules on antigen-presenting cells (APCs) binding to corresponding ligands on T cells. Having previously identified DC-HIL as a receptor expressed by APCs that contains an extracellular immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain, we postulated that it plays a(More)
Gpnmb is a glycosylated transmembrane protein implicated in the development of glaucoma in mice and melanoma in humans. It shares significant amino acid sequence homology with the melanosome protein Pmel-17. Its extracellular domain contains a RGD motif for binding to integrin and its intracellular domain has a putative endosomal and/or melanosomal-sorting(More)
sufficient pressure to cleave the stratum corneum without drawing blood. This technique was utilized in our case. Chamber scarification provides access to the dermal microvasculature, allowing enhanced penetration through the epidermis. This case illustrates the utility of chamber scarification for the detection of type IV hypersensitivity when standard(More)