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Annexin II tetramer (AIIt) is an important endothelial cell surface protein receptor for plasminogen and t-PA. AIIt, a heterotetramer, is composed of two p36 subunits (called annexin II) and two p11 subunits. In this report, we have compared the ability of the isolated p36 and p11 subunits to stimulate t-PA-dependent [Glu]plasminogen activation. The(More)
Bacillus subtilis strains containing defects in the sporulation gene spoIIF (kinA), spoIIJ (kinA), or spoIIN (ftsA) cannot transcribe the sigma E-dependent gene spoIID. Results presented here and by other workers demonstrate that the spoIIF, spoIIJ, and spoIIN gene products control spoIID transcription indirectly by coordinating the induction of the(More)
In this report, we have characterized the interaction of heparin with the Ca2+- and phospholipid-binding protein annexin II tetramer (AIIt). Analysis of the circular dichroism spectra demonstrated that the Ca2+-dependent binding of AIIt to heparin caused a large decrease in the alpha-helical content of AIIt from approximately 44 to 31%, a small decrease in(More)
We have here provided evidence that TNF mediated cytotoxicity is genetically, pharmacologically, and temporally distinct from the cytotoxicity mediated by TNF/CHX. Most studies on TNF cytotoxicity have been done by the combined use of TNF/CHX. The relevance of this approach to the physiological mechanisms underlying cytotoxicity by TNF alone is at present(More)
The Bacillus subtilis intergenic suppressor mutations crsA and rvtA, previously shown to restore sporulation competence to a variety of strains containing stage 0 sporulation defects, also suppress lesions in the stage II sporulation genes spoIIF, spoIIN and spoIIJ. They do not rescue sporulation in other stage II through stage V sporulation mutations.(More)
Genomic instability (GI) of cells may lead to their malignant transformation. Carcinoma after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) frequently involves some (eg, oral) but not other (eg, nasal) epithelia. We examined GI in oral and nasal mucosal specimens from 105 subjects, including short-term (7-98 days, n = 32) and long-term (4-22 yrs, n = 25)(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS Identifying patients who spontaneously resolve cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation could spare these patients from the toxicity of antiviral drugs such as ganciclovir. The role of CMV-specific T cells in clearing CMV viremia in patients who do not receive ganciclovir has not been evaluated. We assessed this in patients with CMV viremia(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Western blot is indeterminate in 10%-20% of sera reactive by EIA. Eighty-nine individuals with prior repeatedly reactive EIA and indeterminate Western blots were followed prospectively to study the risk of seroconversion and specificity of supplemental tests. Four high-risk cases seroconverted within 10 months(More)
Fucoidan, a sulfated fucopolysaccharide, mimics the fucosylated glycans of glycoproteins and has therefore been used as a probe for investigating the role of membrane polysaccharides in cell-cell adhesion. In the present report we have characterized the interaction of fucoidan with the Ca(2+)- and phospholipid-binding protein annexin II tetramer (AIIt).(More)
Detection of donor-type epithelial cells (ECs) after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) using XY chromosome fluorescein in situ hybridization (FISH) has suggested that hematopoietic stem cells carry a degree of developmental plasticity. This is controversial, given artifacts of XY-based detection and the possibility of(More)