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Nitric oxide (NO) is a free-radical product of mammalian cell metabolism that plays diverse and important roles in the regulation of cell function. Biological actions of NO arise as a direct consequence of chemical reactions between NO or NO-derived species and protein targets. Reactions of NO with transition metals in target proteins have garnered the most(More)
Appreciation of the role of nitric oxide (NO) in mammalian cell biology has toppled the paradigm that biological signaling is initiated exclusively by noncovalent, lock-and-key-type interactions with receptor proteins. Remarkably, nitric oxide is a free radical that signals by chemical reaction with its protein targets, resulting in covalent modifications(More)
Nitric oxide synthases (NOSs) are classified functionally, based on whether calmodulin binding is Ca2+-dependent (cNOS) or Ca2+-independent (iNOS). This key dichotomy has not been defined at the molecular level. Here we show that cNOS isoforms contain a unique polypeptide insert in their FMN binding domains which is not shared with iNOS or other related(More)
Members of the Ras superfamily of small GTP-binding proteins, gamma-subunits of heterotrimeric G proteins and nuclear lamin B are subject to a series of post-translational modifications that produce prenylcysteine methylester groups at their carboxyl termini. The thioether-linked polyisoprenoid substituent can be either farnesyl (C15) or geranylgeranyl(More)
This study describes a new sex-linked myelin mutation in the mouse, jimpy 4J (Plpjp-4J), located in or very close to the proteolipid protein (Plp) gene. The Plpjp-4J/Y phenotype includes tremor, seizures, death during the 4th postnatal week, and the most severe central nervous system hypomyelination yet described in any mouse carrying a single myelin(More)
Both conventional and genetic engineering techniques can significantly improve the performance of animal cell cultures for the large-scale production of pharmaceutical products. In this paper, the effect of such techniques on cell yield and antibody production of two NS0 cell lines is presented. On the one hand, the effect of fed-batch cultivation using(More)
NO production by the endothelial and neuronal isoforms of nitric oxide synthase (cNOS) is regulated on a moment-to-moment basis by calmodulin binding, triggered by transient elevations in intracellular-free calcium levels. Nonetheless, additional modes of cNOS regulation are implicit in the discoveries of stimuli that elicit a sustained increase in cNOS(More)
In order to learn whether a direct relationship exists between cellular uptake and cytotoxicity of Adriamycin, we have compared the tempera ture dependencies of these two processes in LI 210 cells. We find that the equilibrium concentration of drug taken inside the cells varies smoothly with temperature between 37°Cand 0°C. Even at ()"(', however, there(More)
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