Polly A. Hansen

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The purpose of this study was to determine whether the increase in insulin sensitivity of skeletal muscle glucose transport induced by a single bout of exercise is mediated by enhanced translocation of the GLUT-4 glucose transporter to the cell surface. The rate of 3-O-[3H]methyl-D-glucose transport stimulated by a submaximally effective concentration of(More)
A high fat diet causes resistance of skeletal muscle glucose transport to insulin and contractions. We tested the hypothesis that fat feeding causes a change in plasma membrane composition that interferes with functioning of glucose transporters and/or insulin receptors. Epitrochlearis muscles of rats fed a high (50% of calories) fat diet for 8 weeks showed(More)
Muscle glycogen accumulation was determined in six trained cyclists (Trn) and six untrained subjects (UT) at 6 and either 48 or 72 h after 2 h of cycling exercise at approximately 75% peak O2 uptake (VO2 peak), which terminated with five 1-min sprints. Subjects ate 10 g carbohydrate . kg-1 . day-1 for 48-72 h postexercise. Muscle glycogen accumulation(More)
In skeletal muscle, glucose transport is stimulated by insulin, contractions and hypoxia. In this study, we used the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) inhibitor wortmannin to examine whether (i) PI 3-kinase activity is necessary for stimulation of glucose transport by insulin in muscle, and (ii) PI 3-kinase mediates a step in the pathway by which(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the suitability of the glucose analogue 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG) for measurement of glucose transport activity in rat skeletal muscles in vitro when transport rates are high. The goal was to determine whether glucose phosphorylation rather than transport becomes limiting under experimental conditions normally employed(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether endurance exercise training increases the ability of human skeletal muscle to accumulate glycogen after exercise. Subjects (4 women and 2 men, 31 +/- 8 yr old) performed high-intensity stationary cycling 3 days/wk and continuous running 3 days/wk for 10 wk. Muscle glycogen concentration was measured(More)
Exercise training induces an increase in GLUT-4 in muscle. We previously found that feeding rats a high-carbohydrate diet after exercise, with muscle glycogen supercompensation, results in a decrease in insulin responsiveness so severe that it masks the effect of a training-induced twofold increase in GLUT-4 on insulin-stimulated muscle glucose transport.(More)
Agonists for the nuclear receptor peroxisomal proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) and its heterodimeric partner, retinoid X receptor (RXR), are effective agents for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. To gain insight into the antidiabetic action of these compounds, we treated female Zucker diabetic rats (ZFF) with AGN194204, which we show to be(More)
Studies of the genetic basis of type 2 diabetes suggest that variation in the calpain-10 gene affects susceptibility to this common disorder, raising the possibility that calpain-sensitive pathways may play a role in regulating insulin secretion and/or action. Calpains are ubiquitously expressed cysteine proteases that are thought to regulate a variety of(More)
Skeletal muscle glucose transport and metabolism were studied in a line of transgenic mice overexpressing the human Glut4 facilitative glucose transporter. Skeletal muscle Glut4 protein levels were increased 2-4-fold in transgenic animals relative to their nontransgenic litter mates. Glut4 overexpression increased total transport activity (measured with 1(More)