Polla R. Ramakrishnan

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This study sought to understand the role of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) in periodontal ligament (PDL) fibroblasts. Rat PDL fibroblastic cells and ROS 17/2.8 cells (highly differentiated osteoblastic osteosarcoma cells) were cultured and treated with transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha), EGF, dexamethasone (Dex) or a combination of EGF(More)
The purposes of this study were to determine whether periodontal ligament (PDL) cells are capable of producing mineralized nodules in vitro and to analyze ultrastructural features of the nodules. Rat PDL cells were obtained from coagulum in the socket at 2 days after tooth extraction and cultured at confluence in standard medium containing Dulbecco's(More)
To characterize the mineralized nodules produced by rat periodontal ligament (PDL) cells in vitro, we have studied the synthesis and distribution of mineralized tissue proteins at various stages of nodule formation. PDL cells were obtained from coagulum in the socket at 2 days after tooth extraction and cultured in Dulbecco's Modified Eagles Medium (DMEM)(More)
Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) was given at 10, 100 or 1000 micrograms per day for 70 days to adult male rhesus monkeys. Spermatozoa, collected by electroejaculation on days 21, 41 and 71 of treatment, were processed for spermiogram and Transmission Electron Microscopy. DHT, at all doses increased the number of spermatozoa showing coiled tails and the degree of(More)
The ability of 40 mg of milled suspension of a new long-acting androgen ester (20 Aet-1) to restore and maintain accessory gland function was compared with that of testosterone enanthate (TE) in castrated adult rhesus monkeys. Castration did not abolish the ejaculatory response since only two animals did not void semen in the postcastration period. A single(More)
The ability of germ cells (spermatocytes and spermatids) and spermatozoa present in human ejaculate to metabolize steroids was studied in men with obstructive infertility who had undergone vasoepididymostomy as corrective surgery. Steroid metabolism by spermatozoa in men who had undergone vasovasostomy was also investigated. Germ cells converted(More)
The morphology of spermatozoa from the initial segment, caput, corpus and cauda epididymides of normal and cyproterone acetate-treated animals was studied using light and scanning electron microscopy to understand the changes taking place during spermatozoa maturation. A progressive and significant decrease in the percentage of spermatozoa that retained the(More)
The histology of different regions of human epididymis in men undergoing vasoepididymostomy to correct epididymal obstruction was studied. The data indicate major degenerative changes in intertubular connective tissue and in the epididymal epithelium. These include increase in connective tissue thickness and its infiltration by leucocytes in some cases,(More)
Pituitary, testicular and accessory gland functions were assessed at intervals of 10-20 days in adult male rhesus monkeys given 10, 100 or 1000 micrograms dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Circulating levels of LH and testosterone were suppressed. Ejaculated spermatozoa showed morphological abnormalities and decrease in motility but sperm counts were unaffected.(More)
The caput and cauda epididymal tubules of rhesus monkey were cultured for 5 days using a simple organ culture system. The viability of the tubules in culture was established by assessing: (a) the histology of the epididymis; (b) motility and viability of spermatozoa; and (c) scanning electron microscopic morphology of spermatozoa before and at the end of(More)