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Type 1 diabetes is a disease characterized by progressive loss of β cell function due to an autoimmune reaction affecting the islets of Langerhans. Two types of T cells are involved in diabetes: turncoat auto-reactive T cells, or T cells gone bad, that kill the insulin-producing cells, and regulatory T cells that are unable to control the auto-reactive T(More)
BACKGROUND Household indoor air pollution (IAP) is a global health problem and a risk factor for childhood respiratory disease; the leading cause of mortality in African children. This study aimed to describe the home environment and measure IAP in the Drakenstein Child Health Study (DCHS), an African birth cohort. METHODS An antenatal home visit to(More)
BACKGROUND Low lung function in early life is associated with later respiratory illness. There is limited data on lung function in African infants despite a high prevalence of respiratory disease. AIM To assess the determinants of early lung function in African infants. METHOD Infants enrolled in a South African birth cohort, the Drakenstein child(More)
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