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Using a fluorescent viability assay, immunocytochemistry, patch-clamp recordings, and Ca(2+) imaging analysis, we report that ouabain, a specific ligand of the Na(+),K(+)-ATPase cardiac glycoside binding site, can prevent glutamate receptor agonist-induced apoptosis in cultured rat cortical neurons. In our model of excitotoxicity, a 240-min exposure to 30(More)
Human endometrium-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMESCs) enter the premature senescence under sublethal oxidative stress, however underlying mechanism remains unknown. Here, we showed that exogenous H2O2 induces a rapid phosphorylation and co-localization of ATM, H2A.X, 53BP1 leading to DNA damage response (DDR) activation. DDR was accompanied with nuclear(More)
Recent studies suggested contribution of homocysteine (HCY) to neurodegenerative disorders and migraine. However, HCY effect in the nociceptive system is essentially unknown. To explore the mechanism of HCY action, we studied short- and long-term effects of this amino acid on rat peripheral and central neurons. HCY induced intracellular Ca²⁺ transients in(More)
Whereas kainate (KA)-induced neurodegeneration has been intensively investigated, the contribution of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptors (AMPARs) in neuronal Ca2+ overload ([Ca2+]i) is still controversial. Using Ca2+ imaging and patch-clamp techniques, we found different types of Ca2+ entry in cultured rat cortical neurons. The(More)
In this study we demonstrate that the primary culture of rat cortical neurons is a convenient model for investigations of epileptogenesis mechanisms and specifically, of the postsynaptic epileptiform currents (EC) reflecting periodical asynchronous glutamate release. In particular, we have revealed that in primary culture of cortical neurons EC can appear(More)
To evaluate the possible role of the plasma membrane Na(+)/Ca(2+)-exchanger (NCX) in regulation of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors (NMDARs), we studied effects of 2-[2-[4-(4-nitrobenzyloxy) phenyl]ethyl]isothiourea methanesulfonate (KB-R7943; KBR) and lithium (inhibitors of NCX) on NMDA-elicited whole-cell currents using the patch-clamp technique on(More)
Effects of 0.01 nM–1 nM ouabain on neuronal survival in excitotoxic stress and ouabain self toxic action in concentrations from 10 nM to 30 μM were studied. Neuronal viability was evaluated by measuring Bcl-2 protein expression and using vital staining test allowing recognition of live, necrotic and apoptotic cells. Excitotoxic stress was induced by 240-min(More)
BACKGROUND Blocking the pro-nociceptive action of CGRP is one of the most promising approaches for migraine prophylaxis. The aim of this study was to explore a role for CGRP as a neuroprotective agent for central and peripheral neurons. METHODS The viability of isolated rat trigeminal, cortical and cerebellar neurons was tested by fluorescence vital(More)
Extracellular ATP is suspected to contribute to migraine pain but regulatory mechanisms controlling pro-nociceptive purinergic mechanisms in the meninges remain unknown. We studied the peculiarities of metabolic and signaling pathways of ATP and its downstream metabolites in rat meninges and in cultured trigeminal cells exposed to the migraine mediator(More)
Homocysteine, a sulfur-containing amino acid, exerts neurotoxic effects and is involved in the pathogenesis of many neurodegenerative disorders. In contrast to well-studied glutamate excitotoxicity, the mechanism of homocysteine neurotoxicity is not clearly understood. Using wholecell patch-clamp, calcium imaging (fluo-3) and measurements of mitochondrial(More)
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