Polani B. Seshagiri

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The impact of embryonic enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)-expression on development is not clear. In this study, we comprehensively assessed EGFP-expression pattern and its effect on early mouse development, following pronuclear-microinjection of the EGFP-transgene, containing chicken-beta-actin promoter and cytomegalovirus enhancer. Preimplantation(More)
Chorionic gonadotrophin (CG) is the first clear embryonic signal during early pregnancy in primates. CG has close structural and functional similarities to pituitary luteinizing hormone (LH) which is regulated by gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH). To study the regulatory mechanism of CG secretion in primate embryos, we examined the production and(More)
Chemoprevention of dietary constituents has emerged as a cost-effective approach to control the incidence of breast cancer. The present study was therefore designed to evaluate the chemopreventive efficacy of black tea polyphenols (Polyphenon-B) during the preinitiation phase of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) induced mammary carcinogenesis using(More)
The molecular regulation of mammalian peri-implantation development is complex and difficult to study in vivo. We successfully cultured hamster blastocysts through hatching and peri-attachment stages, using a chemically defined medium, HECM-2h. Using this system, we showed that a species-specific, embryonic cysteine-like protease is involved in blastocyst(More)
The mammalian embryo is encased in a glycoproteinaceous coat, the zona pellucida (ZP) during preimplantation development. Prior to implantation, the blastocyst must undergo 'hatching' or ZP escape. In hamsters, there is a thinning of the ZP followed by a focal lysis and a complete dissolution of the ZP during blastocyst hatching. Earlier studies from our(More)
The in vitro development of hamster preimplantation embryos is supported by non-glucose energy substrates. To investigate the importance of embryonic metabolism, influence of succinate and malate on the development of hamster 8-cell embryos to blastocysts was examined using a chemically defined protein-free modified hamster embryo culture medium-2(More)
The occurrence of musth, a period of elevated levels of androgens and heightened sexual activity, has been well documented for the male Asian elephant (Elephas maximus). However, the relationship between androgen-dependent musth and adrenocortical function in this species is unclear. The current study is the first assessment of testicular and adrenocortical(More)
Reproductive management of the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) is important for its conservation. To monitor its estrous cyclicity, we earlier used an indirect ELISA to show that levels of fecal progesterone (P(4))-metabolite (allopregnanolone: 5α-P-3OH) in semi-captive females sampled randomly positively correlated with serum P(4) levels [12]. In this(More)
By immunological and biochemical methods a biotin-binding protein, distinct from avidin, has been shown to be present in chicken egg white. This vitamin-binding protein (Mr 67,000) bound [14C]biotin, displayed thermally induced biotin exchange reaction and exhibited gross immunological cross-reactivity with the purified yolk biotin-binding protein. In vitro(More)
The earliest time of onset of embryonic genome activation in golden hamsters was investigated. The inhibition of transcription by alpha-amanitin (11 micrograms/ml) in cultured embryos resulted in a total arrest of development of early 2-cell embryos (26 hr post-egg activation); under similar conditions, immediate cleavage divisions of 1-, late 2-, 4-, and(More)