Learn More
The impact of embryonic enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)-expression on development is not clear. In this study, we comprehensively assessed EGFP-expression pattern and its effect on early mouse development, following pronuclear-microinjection of the EGFP-transgene, containing chicken-beta-actin promoter and cytomegalovirus enhancer. Preimplantation(More)
Chorionic gonadotrophin (CG) is the first clear embryonic signal during early pregnancy in primates. CG has close structural and functional similarities to pituitary luteinizing hormone (LH) which is regulated by gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH). To study the regulatory mechanism of CG secretion in primate embryos, we examined the production and(More)
Relative preferences of energy substrates (glucose, pyruvate, and lactate) for in vitro development of hamster 8-cell embryos were investigated. Using protein-free modified Tyrode's medium (TLP-PVA) containing 10 mM lactate (L), 0.1 mM pyruvate (P), and amino acids (Phe, Ile, Met and Gln), we found that development of hamster 8-cell embryos to blastocysts(More)
Chemoprevention of dietary constituents has emerged as a cost-effective approach to control the incidence of breast cancer. The present study was therefore designed to evaluate the chemopreventive efficacy of black tea polyphenols (Polyphenon-B) during the preinitiation phase of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) induced mammary carcinogenesis using(More)
The in vitro development of hamster preimplantation embryos is supported by non-glucose energy substrates. To investigate the importance of embryonic metabolism, influence of succinate and malate on the development of hamster 8-cell embryos to blastocysts was examined using a chemically defined protein-free modified hamster embryo culture medium-2(More)
The earliest time of onset of embryonic genome activation in golden hamsters was investigated. The inhibition of transcription by alpha-amanitin (11 micrograms/ml) in cultured embryos resulted in a total arrest of development of early 2-cell embryos (26 hr post-egg activation); under similar conditions, immediate cleavage divisions of 1-, late 2-, 4-, and(More)
In mammals, acquisition of fertilization competence of spermatozoa is dependent on the phenomenon of sperm capacitation. One of the critical molecular events of sperm capacitation is protein tyrosine phosphorylation. In a previous study, we demonstrated that a specific epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitor, tyrphostin-A47,(More)
Pentoxifylline (PF) is used to enhance motility of spermatozoa from infertile human subjects. We have previously shown that 0.45 mM PF improved capacitation of spermatozoa and fertilization of oocytes in vitro in hamsters. The present study was carried out to assess PF-induced changes in motility kinematics of hamster spermatozoa by a computer-aided sperm(More)
The development of hamster eight-cell embryos is inhibited by glucose in culture medium containing inorganic phosphate (Pi). This is hypothetically attributed to the "Crabtree effect," in which enhanced glycolysis inhibits respiratory activity and oxidative metabolism. To examine this hypothesis, oxygen consumption of hamster eight-cell embryos was measured(More)
The influence of sodium dihydrogen phosphate (Pi) and glucose on the development of hamster 8-cell embryos mediated by pyruvate (P) or amino acids (A) or lactate (L) was investigated using modified Tyrode's medium, TLP-PVA. When pyruvate was tested as the only energy substrate in medium TP-PVA for embryo development, blastocyst formation ranged from 81.3 to(More)