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The impact of feeding imbalanced amino acid diets on monoamine, metabolite and amino acid concentrations was measured in the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH), lateral hypothalamus (LH) and paraventricular nucleus (PVN). After rats were fed either an isoleucine imbalanced diet, a threonine imbalanced diet, or the appropriate basal or corrected control diets,(More)
Immunohistochemical detection of Fos was used to determine which regions of the periaqueductal gray are activated during conditioned fear to a context in the rat. More specifically, the aim of the study was to test the role of its lateral and ventrolateral columns in freezing behaviour during fear. Conditioned fear was evoked by re-exposing rats to the same(More)
The meal patterns of four obese and four lean female Zucker rats were analyzed using five different intermeal interval definitions in combination with four meal size definitions. Results from these 20 analyses revealed that obese rats typically initiate fewer but larger meals than their lean littermates. However, these general findings were not always(More)
The properties and function of Ca(2+)-activated K+ (KCa) and voltage-dependent K+ (IK) currents of rabbit coronary myocytes were studied under whole cell voltage-clamp conditions (22 degrees C). Inhibition of KCa by tetraethylammonium chloride (1-10 mM) or charybdotoxin (50-100 nM) suppressed noisy outward rectifying current elicited by 5-s voltage steps or(More)
Bilateral double electrolytic overlapping lesions were placed in dorsal-lateral hippocampus of male 230 g rats, and their food intake responses to the ingestion of diets containing disproportionate amounts of amino acids were examined. Rats with such lesions and intact control rats maintained their normal intakes of the 6% casein basal diet or a threonine(More)
Macroscopic currents were recorded in freshly dissociated smooth muscle cells from the rabbit portal vein using the tight seal whole cell recording mode (22 degrees C). In some experiments, the indo 1 fluorescence technique was used to simultaneously monitor the changes in the concentration of free intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i; indo 1 ratio, 400/500 nm). In(More)
Monoamines and amino acids were measured in anterior prepyriform cortex (PPC) and anterior cingulate cortex (CC) of male Sprague-Dawley rats after they were offered basal, imbalanced (IMB) or corrected amino acid diets, limited in threonine (THR) or isoleucine (ILE). In the THR study, brains were taken after 2.5 hr of feeding, when intake of THR-IMB was(More)
Rats were trained to eat a 6% casein basal diet during a 3-hour period per day. They were then fed either the same 6% casein diet or a 44% casein diet for 3 hours. No food intake depression was observed in the rats eating 44% casein diet during the 3-hour period. Plasma ammonia and amino acids and brain amino acids were measured at 0, 4, 12 and 24 hours(More)