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Apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) exhibits reactive oxygen species (ROS)-generating NADH oxidase activity of unknown significance, which is dispensable for apoptosis. We knocked out the aif gene in two human colon carcinoma cell lines that displayed lower mitochondrial complex I oxidoreductase activity and produced less ROS, but showed increased sensitivity(More)
Toxic nitric oxide (NO) levels can regulate gene expression. Using a novel protein/DNA array, we show that toxic NO levels regulate the binding of trans-factors to various cis-elements in neuroblastoma cells, including CRE and those recognized by the transcription factors AP1, AP2, Brn-3a, EGR, E2F1 and SP1. Functionality of some of the cis-elements was(More)
c-Jun, a crucial component of the dimeric transcription factor activating protein 1 (AP-1), can regulate apoptosis induced by oxidative stress and has been implicated in neuronal differentiation, but the mechanisms are largely unknown. We found that specific inhibition of transcription or stable transfection with cDNA encoding dominant-negative c-Jun(More)
Topoisomerases are nuclear enzymes that maintain and modulate DNA structure. Inhibitors of topoisomerases like camptothecin (CPT), etoposide, and others are widely used antitumor drugs that interfere with transcription, induce DNA strand breaks, and trigger apoptosis preferentially in dividing cells. Because transcription inhibitors (actinomycin D,(More)
A chemical inhibitor library of 84 compounds was screened to investigate the signaling pathway(s) leading to activation of Nrf2 in response to nitric oxide (NO). We identified the protein kinase C delta (PKCdelta) inhibitor rottlerin as the only compound that reduced NO-induced ARE-luciferase reporter activity and diminished NO-induced up-regulation of two(More)
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