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The expression pattern of proinflammatory cytokines, neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) in the spinal cord and the bladder in response to permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was investigated. In this connection, the gene expression of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha),(More)
Antimyeloperoxidase antibodies can cause crescentic glomerulonephritis and pulmonary hemorrhage. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) respond to infectious agents activating host defenses, whereas infections potentially initiate disease and provoke relapses. Neutrophils were found to be key effector cells of injury in experimental models, as disease does not occur in(More)
IL-17 is a pro-inflammatory cytokine implicated in the pathogenesis of glomerulonephritis and IL-17 deficient mice are protected from nephrotoxic nephritis. However, a regulatory role for IL-17 has recently emerged. We describe a novel protective function for IL-17 in the kidney. Bone marrow chimeras were created using wild-type and IL-17 deficient mice and(More)
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