Poem M. Turner

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The polymeric immunoglobulin (Ig) receptor (pIgR) is an integral transmembrane glycoprotein that plays an important role in the mammalian immune response by transporting soluble polymeric Igs across mucosal epithelial cells. Single pIgR genes, which are expressed in lymphoid organs including mucosal tissues, have been identified in several teleost species.(More)
A heretofore-unrecognized multigene family encoding diverse immunoglobulin (Ig) domain-containing proteins (DICPs) was identified in the zebrafish genome. Twenty-nine distinct loci mapping to three chromosomal regions encode receptor-type structures possessing two classes of Ig ectodomains (D1 and D2). The sequence and number of Ig domains, transmembrane(More)
Nitrogen mustards play an important role in current cancer chemotherapy. The most effective antitumour agents are those carrying two alkylating functions, probably through their ability to form interstrand cross-links in DNA. Such lesions appear to create more of a block in DNA replication and are more difficult to repair than are most monoadducts. Although(More)
Novel immune-type receptors (NITRs) are encoded by large multi-gene families and share structural and signaling similarities to mammalian natural killer receptors (NKRs). NITRs have been identified in multiple bony fish species, including zebrafish, and may be restricted to this large taxonomic group. Thirty-nine NITR genes that can be classified into 14(More)
Environmental sex-determination (ESD) is the phenomenon by which environmental factors regulate sex-determination, typically occurring during a critical period of early development. Southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) exhibit temperature-dependent sex-determination that appears to be restricted to the presumed XX female genotype with the extremes(More)
Treatment with an anticancer drug causing mitotic crossing-over could lead to expression of recessive genes, previously masked in a heterozygote. Used clinically, such drugs might cause an increased risk of cancer in cases of familial tumours, such as Wilm's tumour or retinoblastoma. Potentially, novel forms of drug resistance could also be unmasked by such(More)
The mitochondria of cancer cells are potential targets for chemotherapy. Drugs which primarily affect mitochondrial DNA can be screened using a 'petite' mutagenesis assay in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We have used this approach to estimate the antimitochondrial effects of a range of current clinical and experimental antitumour drugs with varying modes of(More)
Myristoylated alanine-rich C-kinase substrate (MARCKS) is an actin binding protein substrate of protein kinase C (PKC) and critical for mouse and Xenopus development. Herein two MARCKS paralogs, marcksa and marcksb, are identified in zebrafish and the role of these genes in zebrafish development is evaluated. Morpholino-based targeting of either MARCKS(More)
The mutagenic and recombinogenic potential of 9-[(3-dimethylaminopropyl)amino]acridine and its 1-, 2-, 3- and 4-nitro derivatives was studied using 3 different strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The parent compound slightly enhanced the frequency of total aberrant colonies in diploid strains D5 and D7, but showed no evidence of recombinogenic effects.(More)
Nitracrine [1-nitro-9-(dimethylaminopropylamino)-acridine] is a clinical antitumour agent with hypoxia-selective cytotoxicity and radiosensitizing activity. Developments in tumour therapy using either nitracrine itself or some of its analogues under development are likely to be targeted at anaerobic regions of tumours. We have investigated the effects of(More)