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provided the original work is properly cited. CC Post-intubation throat pain is a common complaint that is caused by focal ischemia, damage to the laryngeal mucosa, or edema. However, if the laryngeal symptoms persist after 72 h, vocal cord paralysis, the formation of granulation tissue, or ulcers can occur [1]. Most vocal cord ulcers that are caused by(More)
OBJECTIVE The study evaluated the clinical intraoperative effects of intrathecal administration of fentanyl on shoulder tip pain in patients undergoing laparoscopic total extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair (TEP) under spinal anaesthesia. METHODS Patients undergoing TEP were allocated in a double-blinded, prospective, randomized manner to two groups.(More)
BACKGROUND Reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as superoxide radicals, hydrogen peroxide, nitric oxide, and nitroperoxide, cause oxidative stress which interferes with normal cell functioning, resulting in cell damage. It is reported to be associated with chronic pain, especially neuropathic pain, and inflammatory pain. ROS is also closely related to central(More)
BACKGROUND A prospective, double blind study was performed to compare the clinical effect of vertical infraclavicular and supraclavicular brachial plexus block using a nerve stimulator for upper limb surgery. METHODS One hundred patients receiving upper limb surgery under infraclavicular or supraclavicular brachial plexus block were enrolled in this(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) is rarely performed under regional anesthesia because of pneumoperitoneum-related problems. We expected that dexmedetomidine would compensate for the problems arising from spinal anesthesia alone. Thus, we performed a feasibility study of spinal anesthesia with intravenous dexmedetomidine infusion. METHODS(More)
provided the original work is properly cited. CC X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) is rare genetic disorder , and children with ALD are at an increased risk of anesthetic mortality and morbidity [1]. Therefore, they require an individual anesthetic protocol based on their clinical condition. Herein we report the case of a male with childhood-onset(More)
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