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OBJECTIVES This prospective, randomized trial compared the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP) and laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass (LMGBP) in the treatment of morbid obesity. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA LRYGBP has been the gold standard for the treatment of morbid obesity. While LMGBP has been reported to be a simple(More)
Parastomal hernia is a major complication after stoma placement. Surgical procedures for repairing parastomal hernia are difficult and their failure rate is high. The use of a mesh implanted at the primary operation has shown promising results. Therefore, we performed a systematic review of the literature to evaluate the results of the placement of mesh at(More)
OBJECTIVE To prove the feasibility of hand-assisted laparoscopic liver resection for tumors located in the posterior portion of the right hepatic lobe. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Use of laparoscopic liver resection remains limited due to problems with technique, especially when the tumor is located near the diaphragm, or in the posterior portion of the right(More)
BACKGROUND The laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass (MGB) is a modification of Mason's loop gastric bypass, but with a long lesser curvature tube. With weight loss results similar to laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP), the MGB is a simpler operation with a low complication rate. Controversy exists concerning the efficacy and side-effects of this(More)
BACKGROUND The intersphincteric resection technique has been used to extend the opportunity for sphincter preservation in patients with very low rectal cancer. The aim of this study is to assess the long-term oncological and functional outcomes of intersphincteric resection. METHODS Patients with extraperitoneal rectal cancer were treated and(More)
BACKGROUND The present study investigated the monthly variation of acute appendicitis and its association with climatic factors (ambient temperature, relative humidity, atmospheric pressure, rainfall, and hours of sunshine) using a nationwide population-based data set in Taiwan. METHODS We identified 237,760 first-time hospitalizations for acute(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that the persistent exposure of human bronchial epithelial cells to nicotine (Nic) through nicotinic acetylcholine receptors increases cyclin D1 promoter activity and protein expression. The main purpose of this study is to elucidate the carcinogenic role of cyclin D3, which is involved in breast tumorigenesis when induced(More)
Phloretin (Ph), a natural product found in apples and pears with glucose transporter (GLUT) inhibitory activity, exerts antitumor effects. However, little is known about its effects on human liver cancer. The purpose of this study is to test the cytotoxic effects of Ph on HepG2 cells and to identify the underlying molecular pathways. Human hepatocellular(More)
HYPOTHESES To evaluate the feasibility and safety of the minilaparoscopic cholecystectomy (MLC) and to compare the clinical benefits experienced by patients who undergo MLC with those who undergo laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) or 5-mm laparoscopic cholecystectomy (5-mm LC). DESIGN Prospective consecutive study. SETTING A tertiary referral center. (More)
BACKGROUND Large epidemiological cohort studies in the United States have indicated that active and passive smoking are associated with increased breast cancer risk. However, there was no direct evidence of an effect of tobacco carcinogens on the cellular molecules involved in breast tumorigenesis. METHODS Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(More)