Po Huang Chyou

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The association of diet and smoking with bladder cancer was investigated in a cohort study conducted in Hawaii. The study included 7995 Japanese-American men who were born between 1900 and 1919, and were examined from 1965 to 1968. After 22 years of follow-up, 96 incident cases of bladder cancer were diagnosed. Current cigarette smokers had a 2.9-fold risk(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori are gram-negative spiral bacteria that are associated with chronic gastritis, a known precursor of gastric carcinoma. Persons at high risk for gastric carcinoma have been shown to have a high prevalence of H. pylori infection. METHODS We studied the relation of H. pylori infection and gastric carcinoma in a cohort of(More)
To determine whether infection with a Helicobacter pylori strain possessing cagA is associated with an increased risk of development of adenocarcinoma of the stomach, we used a nested case-control study based on a cohort of 5443 Japanese-American men in Oahu, Hawaii, who had a physical examination and a phlebotomy during 1967 to 1970. We matched 103 H.(More)
The goals of this study were to assess the association of diet, alcohol, smoking, and other life-style factors with the risk of colon and rectal cancer and to examine the differences in the risk factors associated with each cancer site. Information on diet, alcohol, smoking, and other life-style factors was obtained from 7945 Japanese-American men who were(More)
A cohort study of upper aerodigestive tract cancer was conducted among 7,995 Japanese-American men who were interviewed and examined from 1965 to 1968. Information was collected about smoking history and alcohol and dietary intake. After 24 years, 92 incident cases with histological confirmation of diagnosis were identified. Current cigarette smokers at(More)
The association between acculturation to a Western lifestyle and prevalence of diabetes was examined among 8,006 Japanese-American men in Hawaii with varying degrees of exposure to traditional Japanese social and cultural lifestyles in 1965-1968. A reduced prevalence of diabetes was observed among the men who had retained a more Japanese lifestyle. These(More)
OBJECTIVE Inappropriate use of antibiotics is common in primary care, and effective interventions are needed to promote judicious antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of parent and clinician education on pediatric antibiotic prescribing and carriage of penicillin-nonsusceptible Streptococcus(More)
BACKGROUND Overuse of antibiotics for children's upper respiratory infections is widespread and contributes to the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. OBJECTIVE To assess changes in knowledge and awareness regarding antibiotic resistance and appropriate antibiotic use after community-wide educational interventions to reduce inappropriate(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of our study was to determine the incidence and predictors of atrial flutter in the general population. BACKGROUND Although atrial flutter can now be cured, there are no reports on its epidemiology in unselected patients. METHODS The Marshfield Epidemiological Study Area (MESA), a database that captures nearly all medical care among(More)
In this case-cohort study, from 1965 to 1968, 8006 Hawaiian men of Japanese ancestry were interviewed with a 24-h dietary recall questionnaire. After a follow-up period of 18 years, 111 stomach cancer incident cases were identified. Dietary data from these patients and from 361 cancer-free men were analyzed for intake of selected foods, food groups, and(More)