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Adult female Drosophila melanogaster corpus allatum (CA) synthesize JHB3 from endogenous and exogenous precursors in vitro. We present evidence supporting the thesis that biosynthesis proceeds from precursor FA via initial epoxidation and terminal methylation on the basis of the following: (1) Methyl farnesoate is not epoxidized to JHIII or JHB3; (2)(More)
Sex peptide (SP) and Ductus ejaculatorius peptide (Dup) 99B are synthesized in the retrogonadal complex of adult male Drosophila melanogaster, and are transferred in the male seminal fluid to the female genital tract during mating. They have been sequenced and shown to exhibit a high degree of homology in the C-terminal region. Both affect subsequent mating(More)
Mating elicits two well-defined reactions in sexually matured females of many insects: reduction of receptivity and increased oviposition. These post-mating responses have been shown to be induced by factors synthesized in the reproductive tract of the adult male and transferred in the seminal fluid to the female during copulation. One of these factors,(More)
A functional similarity and immunological cross-reactivity between adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) and a locust diuretic hormone (DH) is reported. The functional similarity is expressed in that ACTH mimics DH by stimulating fluid secretion and cyclic AMP (cAMP) secretion in locust Malpighian tubules. Desacetyl-alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone is(More)
Pyriproxyfen, a juvenile hormone (JH) mimic, is a biorational insecticide that disrupts insect development. It is one of the principal insecticides being used to control Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) on cotton, and has many environmentally positive attributes that make it compatible with integrated pest management (IPM) programs. In Israel, a high level of(More)
The corpus allatum (CA) of adult female Ceratitis capitata produces methyl palmitate (MP) in vitro, in addition to JHB(3) and JH III. Biosynthesized MP migrates on TLC and co-elutes from RP-18 HPLC with synthetic MP. Its identity is verified herein by GCMS. MP production is up-regulated twofold by mevastatin, an inhibitor of mevalonic acid-dependent(More)
A procedure for the preparation of functional cells from adult locust fat bodies by collagenase treatment has been developed. The high variability of replicates encountered when whole fat bodies are incubated in vitro is greatly reduced in incubation of the dispersed cells. Synthetic locust adipokinetic hormone (AKH) (40 nM) stimulated release of lipids(More)
Generalist insect can utilize two different modes for regulating their detoxification genes, the constitutive mode and the induced mode. Here, we used the Bemisia tabaci sibling species MEAM1 and MED, as a model system for studying constitutive and induced detoxification resistance and their associated tradeoffs. B. tabaci adults were allowed to feed(More)
The major juvenile hormone (JH) homolog synthesized in vitro by the adult female Medfly (Ceratitis capitata) corpus allatum (CA) is JHB(3), with JH-III the minor homolog. Methyl-incorporation in vitro in post-eclosion virgin females is age-dependent. Basal activity occurs during the first four days post-eclosion and increases significantly thereafter,(More)