Learn More
BACKGROUND Acute tryptophan depletion transiently induces symptoms in those with remitted depression. The behavioural specificity is uncertain, however. Recently, symptom provocation studies have become controversial, particularly in the USA. AIMS To assess the specificity of acute tryptophan depletion. To investigate systematically the subjective(More)
It has frequently been demonstrated that acute tryptophan depletion (ATD) induces a transient depressed mood in some patients who are in remission from depression. However, the effects of ATD on cognitive processes in remitted depressed patients have not been investigated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of different extents of(More)
BACKGROUND Prediction of treatment outcome has important clinical consequences. Personality factors have rarely been tested as predictors of acute outcome. Personality, demographic and illness-related characteristics were assessed at baseline for prediction of outcome of treatment in depressed out-patients. METHODS One hundred and ninety-three patients(More)
In a double-blind study the selective monoamine oxidase-A inhibitor brofaromine was compared with the classical MAOI tranylcypromine in 39 patients with major depression resistant to treatment with tricyclic antidepressants. Concerning efficacy no significant differences were found. Ten out of 22 patients responded to brofaromine and 5 out of 17 patients to(More)
BACKGROUND Depression is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. An important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, low heart rate variability, often has been found in depressed patients and has been associated with impulsivity. The present study investigated whether experimental lowering of serotonin would decrease heart rate variability and(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of bright light therapy combined with melatonin on motor restless behaviour in dementia. DESIGN Double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial consisting of four periods. One week wash-out was followed by a 2-week period of light therapy in combination with placebo or melatonin. The(More)
The narcolepsy syndrome consists of excessive daytime somnolence, cataplexy, hallucinations, and sleep paralysis. Data on the effects of tranylcypromine are scant. We report on a patient with severe narcolepsy in whom administration of tranylcypromine led to freedom from hallucinations, nightmares, sleep paralysis, and rapid eye movements (REM), with(More)
Thirty-three patients with depression treated with 225 mg venlafaxine were genotyped for the polymorphic enzyme, debrisoquine 4-hydroxylase (CYP2D6). The relationship between drug and metabolite levels and between genotype and clinical response were investigated. Although the number of responders in this study is insufficient for definite conclusions to be(More)
After 12 months of inpatient treatment, 16 opiate-addicted patients were exposed to drug-related stimuli. The results of this study indicate that cue reactivity in opiate-addicted subjects is still present after 12 months of intensive inpatient treatment. After exposing subjects to drug-related stimuli, there is an increase in craving, feelings of(More)
The addition of benzodiazepine hypnotics to a treatment with tricyclic antidepressants has received little systematic study. In a double-blind placebo-controlled design, the effects on mood and on sleep of two benzodiazepine hypnotics (lormetazepam and flunitrazepam) were studied in patients with major depression who were also treated with maprotiline or(More)