Ploenchan Chetchotisakd

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BACKGROUND Autoantibodies against interferon-γ are associated with severe disseminated opportunistic infection, but their importance and prevalence are unknown. METHODS We enrolled 203 persons from sites in Thailand and Taiwan in five groups: 52 patients with disseminated, rapidly or slowly growing, nontuberculous mycobacterial infection (group 1); 45(More)
BACKGROUND Atazanavir/ritonavir is as effective as lopinavir/ritonavir, with a more favourable lipid profile and less gastrointestinal toxicity, in treatment-experienced HIV-1-infected patients. We compared these two combinations directly in treatment-naive patients. METHODS In this open-label, international non-inferiority study, 883(More)
BACKGROUND  Cobicistat (COBI) is a pharmacoenhancer with no antiretroviral activity in vitro. METHODS  An international, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, active-controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of COBI versus ritonavir (RTV) as a pharmacoenhancer of atazanavir (ATV) in combination with emtricitabine (FTC)/tenofovir(More)
BACKGROUND Invasive candidosis is increasingly prevalent in seriously ill patients. Our aim was to compare micafungin with liposomal amphotericin B for the treatment of adult patients with candidaemia or invasive candidosis. METHODS We did a double-blind, randomised, multinational non-inferiority study to compare micafungin (100 mg/day) with liposomal(More)
Melioidosis is a serious community-acquired infectious disease caused by the Gram-negative environmental bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei. A prospective cohort study identified 2,243 patients admitted to Sappasithiprasong Hospital in northeast Thailand with culture-confirmed melioidosis between 1997 and 2006. These data were used to calculate an average(More)
A case-control study was conducted in four hospitals in northeastern Thailand to identify risk factors for melioidosis and bacteremic melioidosis. Cases were patients with culture-proven melioidosis, and there were two types of controls (those with infections, i.e., with community-acquired septicemia caused by other bacteria, and those without infection,(More)
BACKGROUND Once-daily atazanavir/ritonavir demonstrated similar antiviral efficacy to twice-daily lopinavir/ritonavir over 48 weeks, with less gastrointestinal disturbance and a better lipid profile, in treatment-naive patients. METHODS International, multicenter, open-label, 96-week noninferiority randomized trial of atazanavir/ritonavir 300/100 mg once(More)
BACKGROUND Cryptococcosis is a life-threatening infection among patients with human immunodeficientcy virus (HIV) infection. Therapeutic options for the treatment of central nervous system cryptococcosis are limited, especially in resource-limited settings. METHODS We conducted a randomized, open-label, phase II trial in Thailand and the United States(More)
BACKGROUND In the week 48 primary analysis of ECHO and THRIVE, rilpivirine demonstrated noninferior efficacy and more favourable tolerability versus efavirenz in treatment-naive, HIV-1-infected adults. Pooled 96-week results are presented. METHODS Patients (N = 1368) received rilpivirine 25 mg once-daily (q.d.) or efavirenz 600 mg q.d., with two(More)
We report factors associated with severe manifestations of histoplasmosis (such as shock, respiratory failure, and death) in patients with AIDS during an outbreak. Severe disease was present in 28 of 155 patients (17.9%). The following factors were associated with severe disease: black race (odds ratio [OR], 2.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.2-6.2);(More)