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To investigate the relationship between exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and mortality for specifc cancer sites, 1152 men, employed for at least 1 year at a prebake aluminium smelter, were followed-up from 1972 until 31 December 2001. Exposure to PAHs was estimated from a detailed reconstruction of the working history experienced in the(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to evaluate the health consequences of employment in the lead-smelting industry. METHODS A mortality study of 1388 workers and laborers in production and maintenance departments was conducted in an Italian lead-smelting plant. The vital status of cohort members was determined from 1950 to 1992. Standardized(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess early effects on the Central Nervous System due to occupational exposure to low levels of inorganic mercury (Hg) in a multicenter nationwide cross-sectional study, including workers from chloro-alkali plants, chemical industry, thermometer and fluorescent lamp manufacturing. The contribution of non-occupational exposure to inorganic Hg(More)
In order to assess early neurotoxic effects associated with relatively low levels of mercury absorbed through fish eating, two groups of 22 adult male subjects, habitual consumers of tuna fish, and 22 controls were examined using a cross-sectional field study. The assessment included neurobehavioral tests of vigilance and psychomotor function, hand tremor(More)
Starting from a cross-sectional survey in 1973, the mortality of two cohorts of Sardinian metal miners was followed through December 31, 1988. In mine A, the quartz concentration in respirable dust ranged between 0.2% and 2.0% and the exposure to radon daughters averaged 0.13 working level (WL), with the highest estimated cumulative exposure around 80-120(More)
The mortality of 4740 male workers of two lead and zinc mines was followed up from 1960 to 1988. Exposure to respirable dust was comparable in the two mines, but the median concentration of silica in respirable dust was 10-fold higher in mine B (12.8%) than in mine A (1.2%), but the mean annual exposure to radon daughters in underground workplaces differed(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the role of dust exposure on incidence of respiratory symptoms and decline of lung function in young coal miners. METHODS The loss of lung function (forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), forced expiratory flow (MEF), carbon monoxide transfer factor (TLCO)) with time and the incidence of respiratory(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the association between silica, silicosis and lung cancer, the mortality of 724 patients with silicosis, first diagnosed by standard chest x ray film between 1964 and 1970, has been analysed by a cohort study extended to 31 December 1997. METHODS Smoking and detailed occupational histories were available for each member of the(More)
The genetic effects of occupational exposure to low polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) concentrations were investigated in primary aluminium industry workers. The study subjects were employed in a plant that uses pre-baked anode cells, and has relatively low PAH contamination. Forty-two male workers belonging to different job categories (anode(More)
A latent variable model was applied to the results of an Italian multicenter nation-wide cross-sectional study to assess the earliest health effects due to mercury (Hg) exposure caused by occupation, dental amalgams (DENTAM) and fish eating (FISH). The studied population included subjects recruited from four different geographical areas. A total number of(More)