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Current brain deformation models have predominantly reflected solid constitutive relationships generated from empirical ex vivo data and have largely overlooked interstitial hydrodynamic effects. In the context of a technique to update images intraoperatively for image-guided neuronavigation, we have developed and quantified the deformation characteristics(More)
Recent advances in the field of stereotactic neurosurgery have made it possible to coregister preoperative computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) images with instrument locations in the operating field. However, accounting for intraoperative movement of brain tissue remains a challenging problem. While intraoperative CT and MR scanners record(More)
One potential cancer treatment selectively deposits heat to the tumor through activation of magnetic nanoparticles inside the tumor. This can damage or kill the cancer cells without harming the surrounding healthy tissue. The properties assumed to be most important for this heat generation (saturation magnetization, amplitude and frequency of external(More)
Early degeneration of cartilage is accompanied by a loss of proteoglycans and consequent changes in the content of water. Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) cannot reliably detect this change, since the relaxation properties of the cartilage are dominated by its collagen content. The applicability of a positively charged nitroxide as an MRI(More)
This report describes experiments designed to assess and illustrate the effectiveness of a new method for the measurement of cerebral interstitial pO2 in conscious rodents. It is based on the use of low frequency electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy with lithium phthalocyanine as the oxygen sensitive probe. Magnetic resonance imaging was used(More)
Interstitial microwave hyperthermia in combination with iridium-192 brachytherapy has been administered to 23 cases of malignant brain tumours in a phase one clinical trial to assess the feasibility and safety of this treatment. In order to quantify the acute and long-term response of tumour and surrounding brain to this treatment, a morphometric computed(More)
Recently, heat generated by iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) stimulated by an alternating magnetic field (AMF) has shown promise in the treatment of cancer. To determine the mechanism of nanoparticle-induced cytotoxicity, the physical association of the cancer cells and the nanoparticles must be determined. We have used transmission electron microscopy(More)
Using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) oximetry with the oxygen-sensitive paramagnetic material, fusinite, we have measured the partial pressure of oxygen (pO2) in the mouse mammary adenocarcinoma MTG-B. The average pO2 in untreated tumors was low (about 5 mm Hg) and decreased with tumor growth. Magnetic resonance imaging and histological examination(More)