Disclaimer Any views expressed in this book are those of the authors. They do not necessarily represent the views of the authors' institutions or the financial sponsors of this book. CIFOR advances human wellbeing, environmental conservation, and equity by conducting research to inform policies and practices that affect forests in developing countries.… (More)
Scientific Assessment and Policy Analysis The programme Scientific Assessment and Policy Analysis is commissioned by the ministry of the environment (VROM) and has the following objectives: • Collection and evaluation of relevant scientific information for policy development and decision–making in the field of climate change; • Analysis of resolutions and… (More)
Biodiversity in wetlands is threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation, of which agricultural activities often are a cause. Dispersal of plant seeds via wind and ditches (water) may contribute to connecting remnant wetland plant populations in modern agricultural landscapes, and help to maintain and restore biodiversity. We developed a spatially explicit… (More)
Land degradation is a global concern. In tropical areas it primarily concerns the conversion of forest into non-forest lands and the associated losses of environmental services. Defining such degradation is not straightforward hampering effective reduction in degradation and use of already degraded lands for more productive purposes. To facilitate the… (More)
Infrastructures, such as roads, mines, and hydroelectric dams, are proliferating explosively. Often, this has serious direct and indirect environmental impacts. We highlight nine issues that should be considered by project proponents to better evaluate and limit the environmental risks of such developments.
Human landscape modification has led to habitat fragmentation for many species. Habitat fragmentation, leading to isolation, decrease in patch size and increased edge effect, is observed in fen ecosystems that comprise many endangered plant species. However, until now it has remained unclear whether habitat fragmentation per se has a significant additional… (More)
Acknowledgements Economic reviewers who had useful input include:
Over the last two decades indigenous peoples in the lower Caquetá River basin in Colombia have experienced detrimental changes in the provision of important ecosystem services in ways that have significant implications for the maintenance of their traditional livelihoods. To assess these changes we conducted eight participatory mapping activities and… (More)
Figure S1. Frequency distribution of aboveground biomass (AGB, t ha-1) (bars) in the randomly selected sample of 465 data points in East and North Kalimantan. The line shows a normal distribution.
Problemas, opciones y consecuencias Cualquier opinión expresada en este libro corresponde a sus autores. Las mismas no representan las opiniones de las instituciones para las que ellos trabajan o de los financiadores de la publicación. iii Prefacio iv Reconocimientos vi Resumen vii Lista de autores xi 1 ¿De qué se trata este libro? Arild Angelsen y… (More)