Piruz Nahreini

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Human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells were stably transduced with a retroviral vector containing an expression cassette for a short-lived green fluorescent protein (d2EGFP) and the neomycin resistance gene (Neor). When Neor HEK293 clones were treated with proteasome inhibitors, lactacystin or MG132, an increase in the constitutive levels of d2EGFP(More)
The genes regulating the induction of differentiation in neurons are not definitively known. Some neuronal tumors retain the ability to differentiate into mature, functional neurons in response to pharmacological agents, despite the presence of genetic anomalies. We hypothesized that some of the genes whose expression is altered between undifferentiated and(More)
Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease are major progressive neurologic disorders, the risk of which increases with advancing age (65 years and over). In familial cases, however, early onset of disease (35-65 years) is observed. In spite of extensive basic and chemical research on Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease, no preventive or long-term(More)
Increased accumulation of alpha-synuclein is associated with certain neurodegenerative diseases including Parkinson's disease (PD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). One mechanism of alpha-synuclein-induced toxicity involves increased oxidative stress. It was unknown whether neurons overexpressing alpha-synuclein would exhibit increased sensitivity to hydrogen(More)
The mechanisms of carcinogenesis in nervous tissues are not well understood. It is now established that adenosine 3,′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP)-pathway plays a crucial role in initiating differentiation in transformed and embryonic cells of neuronal and glial origin. Therefore, we propose that defects in the cAMP-pathway may initiate the first phase of(More)
BACKGROUND Influenza A virus (IAV) infection primarily targets respiratory epithelial cells and produces clinical outcomes ranging from mild upper respiratory infection to severe pneumonia. Recent studies have shown the importance of lung antioxidant defense systems against injury by IAV. Nuclear factor-erythroid 2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) activates the(More)
The adeno-associated virus 2 (AAV)-based vector system has been suggested for its potential use in human gene therapy because the wild-type (wt) AAV genome appears to integrate into the human chromosomal DNA in a site-specific manner. We systematically investigated the integration patterns of the recombinant AAV genomes lacking one or both the viral coding(More)
OBJECTIVE High levels of wild-type alpha-synuclein are found in autopsied brain samples of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD), some familial PD, some Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Down's syndrome with dementia. Therefore, we have investigated whether overexpression of wild-type alpha-synuclein causes degeneration during adenosine, 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate(More)
The adeno-associated virus 2 (AAV) genome can be rescued either from a recombinant plasmid upon transfection into human cells or from cells latently infected with AAV, following subsequent infection with adenovirus. Using human diploid fibroblasts as a model for a natural AAV infection, we observed increased efficiency of rescue of the AAV genome in these(More)
The ability of bone marrow stroma cells of normal WCB6F1 (+/+) mice versus their congenic Sl/Sld stromal-defective littermates to support sustained proliferation and leukemic transformation of the growth factor-dependent myeloid cell line FDC-P1 was studied. Extensive proliferation of factor-dependent cells occurred on (+/+) normal long-term marrow culture(More)