Learn More
A novel test procedure for antidepressants was designed in which a mouse is suspended by the tail from a lever, the movements of the animal being recorded. The total duration of the test (6 min) can be divided into periods of agitation and immobility. Several psychotropic drugs were studied: amphetamine, amitriptyline, atropine, desipramine, mianserin,(More)
When mice are introduced into an open-field, they are inclined to explore mainly the peripheral zone of this open-field. This tendency to remain close the walls, called thigmotaxis, decreases gradually during the first minutes of exploration. We have considered the degree of thigmotaxis during this period of decrease as an index of anxiety in mice. This(More)
Nafadotride (N[(n-butyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)methyl]-1-methoxy-4-cyano naphtalene-2-carboxamide) is a novel compound, which inhibits potently and stereoselectively [125I]iodosulpride binding at recombinant human dopamine D3 receptors. the levoisomer displays an apparent Ki value of 0.3 nM at the dopamine D3 receptor, but is 10 times less potent at the human(More)
Modafinil is a new drug used in the treatment of narcolepsy. Its administration in mice induced a dose-dependent increase in locomotor activity. The effects of modafinil were compared with those of dexamphetamine on three tests that assessed the anxiety level (drugs were used at doses which induced a roughly similar stimulation of locomotor activity).(More)
Previously established dose-response curves indicated that modafinil 20-40 mg/kg i.p. elicited in mice an obvious stimulation of locomotor activity roughly similar to that induced by (+)amphetamine 2-4 mg/kg. The effects of various agents modifying dopamine transmission were compared on the locomotor response to both drugs. The preferential D2 dopamine(More)
1. Mice when suspended by the tail will alternate between active attempts to escape and immobility. Immobility like that measured in the behavioral despair test is reduced by a wide variety of antidepressant agents. 2. The present paper describes a computerized version of this test (ITEMATIC-TST) which in addition to recording immobility measures the power(More)
This study investigated in rats the action of a variety of antidepressants in two behavioral models. In model 1, animals trained in a T-maze were allowed to choose between 2 magnitudes of reward: immediate but small reward (2 pellets) vs. a 25-sec delayed but large reward (10 pellets). Under this alternative, vehicle-injected rats selected the(More)
The present study was undertaken to investigate the possible involvement of a noradrenergic and opioid mediation of the reversal by tricyclic antidepressants of escape deficits produced by inescapable shock pretreatment. Rats were first exposed to 60 inescapable shocks (15 s duration, 0.8 mA, every min +/- 15 s) and 48 h later subjected, to daily(More)