Pirooz A. Eghtesady

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OBJECTIVE Poor growth has been described in infants with a single ventricle; however, little is known regarding its effect on surgical outcomes. We sought to assess the effect of nutritional status at the time of the bidirectional Glenn procedure on short-term outcomes. METHODS We performed a retrospective case series of children who underwent the(More)
OBJECTIVE For infants with single ventricle malformations undergoing staged repair, interstage mortality is reported at 2% to 20%. The Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial randomized subjects with a single morphologic right ventricle undergoing a Norwood procedure to a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (MBTS) or a right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery shunt(More)
OBJECTIVE The bidirectional Glenn procedure is a well-established procedure performed as part of the single-ventricle palliation pathway. Numerous studies have highlighted the potential benefits of an "early" BDG procedure. The ideal age to perform the BDG procedure, however, remains uncertain. We report our experience with the BDG procedure in patients(More)
The Qa and Tla regions of the mouse major histocompatibility complex contain a series of genes encoding proteins with structural similarity to the class I transplantation antigens of the same complex. In contrast to the genes encoding the transplantation antigens, the Qa and Tla genes show very little polymorphism. Function(s) of the proteins encoded by the(More)
The BALB/c mouse has at least 29 class I genes encoded in the Qa, Tla, and Hmt (histocompatibility dependent on a maternally transmitted factor) regions of the MHC. The pattern of expression of these class Ib MHC genes is not well characterized, although some of their products such as the serologically detectable Qa-2 and TL Ag are expressed mainly in(More)
BACKGROUND Perioperative advances have led to significant improvements in outcomes after many complex neonatal open heart procedures. Whether similar improvements have been realized for the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt, the most common palliative neonatal closed-heart procedure, is not known. METHODS Data were abstracted from The Society of Thoracic(More)
BACKGROUND Mechanisms leading to left ventricular hypoplasia and endocardial fibroelastosis in the fetus remain unknown. Prevailing theory is that obstruction to blood flow through the left ventricle leads to elevated end-diastolic pressures, compromised myocardial perfusion, and endocardial ischemia. Fetal interventions are now being performed, based on(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate paracorporeal lung assist devices to treat neonates and children with decompensated respiratory failure as a bridge to recovery or lung transplantation. METHODS One neonate (23 days old) and 3 young children (aged 2, 9, and 23 months) presented with primary lung disease with pulmonary hypertension, including alveolar capillary(More)
BACKGROUND Several efforts are under way to conduct quality-improvement initiatives in pediatric cardiology and cardiac surgery. Our goal was to develop an objective prioritization scheme for such initiatives based on encounter frequency and relative contribution of quality measures of morbidity (and associated variances), particularly in the setting of low(More)