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OBJECTIVE To determine the effectiveness of dynamic muscle training and relaxation training for chronic neck pain. DESIGN Randomised controlled trial. SETTING Five occupational healthcare centres, Tampere, Finland. PARTICIPANTS 393 female office workers (mean age 45 years) with chronic non-specific neck pain randomly assigned to 12 weeks of dynamic(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether occupational exposure to chromite, trivalent chromium (Cr(3+)) or hexavalent chromium (Cr(6+)) causes respiratory diseases, an excess of respiratory symptoms, a decrease in pulmonary function or signs of pneumoconiosis among workers in stainless steel production. Altogether, 203 exposed workers and 81 referents(More)
AIMS To investigate whether exposure to cobalt in cobalt plants has any measurable effect on the cardiovascular system. METHODS Occupational, cross sectional study, using a self administered questionnaire, blood pressure measurement, electrocardiography, and laboratory tests in which 203 male workers with at least one year of exposure to cobalt and 94(More)
Relatively little is known about the consequences of asthma for patients' work ability. In particular, the relationship between asthma and construction work has not been studied previously. The aim of this study was to determine how asthma affects construction workers' work ability and quality of life, and the most important conditions that cause(More)
OBJECTIVES Hypertension raises the risk of cardiovascular consequences to two-fold or three-fold. The incidence of hypertension is increasing worldwide. Genetic causes of blood pressure are estimated to cause half of the hypertension effect, but the genes behind this are still fairly unclear. Polymorphisms in gene STK39 (serine/threonine kinase) have in(More)
BACKGROUND Cobalt production workers are exposed to metallic cobalt and nickel and their compounds and to different irritant gases. The aim of our study was to determine whether long-term exposure is associated with an increased occurrence of respiratory symptoms and findings or diseases, other than asthma, which is a known hazard, among cobalt processing(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to silica dust may cause inflammatory responses, primarily in the lungs, although systemic effects have also been reported. Alveolar inflammation can be demonstrated by increased alveolar concentration of nitric oxide (NO), but information on the effects of silica dust on exhaled NO is sparse. Inflammatory mediators including cytokines(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is a significant risk factor for hypertension and diabetes. A cohort of 50-year-old voluntary periodic health examination (PHE) participants was analyzed 15 years retrospectively. Our aim was to evaluate changes in body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure in subjects diagnosed with hypertension and/or diabetes in comparison with healthy(More)
BACKGROUND It has previously been shown that a positive skin prick test (SPT) result is a good predictor of a positive specific inhalation challenge (SIC) in patients with occupational asthma (OA) related to wheat or rye flours. This association has not been previously studied in OA attributable to obeche wood. AIMS To describe a clinical series of(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the extent that public health promotion activity is reflected in life styles of national decision makers, by analysing trends in coronary heart disease risk factors in Members of the Finnish Parliament (MPs). METHODS The MPs were studied at the beginning of two subsequent 4-year parliamentary periods between 1991 and 1999. The studies(More)
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