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To measure the neuropsychologic effects of unidentified childhood exposure to lead, the performance of 58 children with high and 100 with low dentine lead levels was compared. Children with lead levels scored significantly less well on the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (Revised) than those with low lead levels. This difference was also apparent(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of lamotrigine (LTG) for the treatment of pain in HIV-associated sensory neuropathies. METHODS In a randomized, double-blind study, patients with HIV-associated distal sensory polyneuropathy (DSP) received LTG or placebo during a 7-week dose escalation phase followed by a 4-week maintenance phase.(More)
Social phobia may be associated with a dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. In this study we determined HPA axis responsivity to a psychological stressor in patients with social phobia and compared them to healthy controls. Fifteen patients with DSM IV social phobia with a mean score of 77.7 on the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale and(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the incidence and magnitude of change in body weight associated with lamotrigine or divalproex sodium monotherapy in patients with epilepsy. METHODS A randomized, double-blind study with 8-week escalation phase and 24-week maintenance phase was conducted. Target maintenance dosage was 200 mg/day (lamotrigine) and 20 mg/kg/day(More)
This study evaluated the effects of lamotrigine as adjunctive therapy for refractory epilepsy in patients with mental retardation. Patients with epilepsy and mental retardation having uncontrolled seizures despite treatment with other antiepileptic drugs were eligible (n=67). The open-label study comprised a Baseline Phase, an Escalation Phase during which(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of adjunctive lamotrigine in primary generalized tonic-clonic (PGTC) seizures in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. METHODS Patients with a diagnosis of epilepsy with PGTC seizures who were receiving one or two antiepileptic drugs at study entry were eligible. Patients with partial(More)
The abilities of a kinematic model and a muscle model of the human lower limb to predict the stereotyped direction of the muscular component of foot force produced by seated subjects in a static task were tested and compared. Human subjects ( n=11) performed a quasi-static, lower-limb pushing task against an instrumented bicycle pedal, free to rotate about(More)
Little is known about ageing with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We examined the characteristics of adults referred to a specialist diagnostic centre for assessment of possible ASD, 100 of whom received an ASD diagnosis and 46 did not. Few demographic differences were noted between the groups. Comorbid psychiatric disorders were high in individuals with(More)
A side effect associated with the use of some antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) is change in body weight. To evaluate the effect of lamotrigine on body weight in adult patients with epilepsy, we conducted a retrospective review of data from 463 patients treated with lamotrigine in 32 clinical trials. Mean daily dose was 259 (+/-155) mg and duration of therapy was(More)
This paper reports the results of principal components and stepwise discriminant analyses of anxiety, depression and fear scores for 74 phobic and anxious-depressed psychiatric patients. Factor analysis indicated a coherent agoraphobia factor, with less coherent blood-injury and social phobia factors. Discriminant analysis showed a high degree of correct(More)
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