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The disrupted in schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) gene is a candidate susceptibility factor for schizophrenia, but its mechanistic role in the disorder is unknown. Here we report that the gene encoding phosphodiesterase 4B (PDE4B) is disrupted by a balanced translocation in a subject diagnosed with schizophrenia and a relative with chronic psychiatric illness. The(More)
In a project on the biodiversity of chickens funded by the European Commission (EC), eight laboratories collaborated to assess the genetic variation within and between 52 populations from a wide range of chicken types. Twenty-two di-nucleotide microsatellite markers were used to genotype DNA pools of 50 birds from each population. The polymorphism measures(More)
Schizophrenia and related disorders have a major genetic component. Several large-scale studies have uncovered a number of possible candidate genes, but these have yet to be consistently replicated and their underlying biological function remains elusive. One exception is 'Disrupted in schizophrenia 1' (DISC1), a gene locus originally identified in a large(More)
Nuclear distribution factor E-homolog 1 (NDE1), Lissencephaly 1 (LIS1), and NDE-like 1 (NDEL1) together participate in essential neurodevelopmental processes, including neuronal precursor proliferation and differentiation, neuronal migration, and neurite outgrowth. NDE1/LIS1/NDEL1 interacts with Disrupted in Schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) and the cAMP-hydrolyzing(More)
GPR50 is an orphan G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) located on Xq28, a region previously implicated in multiple genetic studies of bipolar affective disorder (BPAD). Allele frequencies of three polymorphisms in GPR50 were compared in case-control studies between subjects with BPAD (264), major depressive disorder (MDD) (226), or schizophrenia (SCZ) (263)(More)
Disrupted in schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) is a leading candidate susceptibility gene for schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and recurrent major depression, which has been implicated in other psychiatric illnesses of neurodevelopmental origin, including autism. DISC1 was initially identified at the breakpoint of a balanced chromosomal translocation, t(1;11)(More)
NRG1, encoding neuregulin 1, is a susceptibility gene for schizophrenia, but no functional mutation causally related to the disorder has yet been identified. Here we investigate the effects of a variant in the human NRG1 promoter region in subjects at high risk of schizophrenia. We show that this variant is associated with (i) decreased activation of(More)
Neuregulin 1 (NRG1) is a strong candidate for involvement in the aetiology of schizophrenia. A haplotype, initially identified as showing association in the Icelandic and Scottish populations, has shown a consistent effect size in multiple European populations. Additionally, NRG1 has been implicated in susceptibility to bipolar disorder. In this first study(More)
In the developing field of biological psychiatry, DISC1 stands out by virtue of there being credible evidence, both genetic and biological, for a role in determining susceptibility to schizophrenia and related disorders. We highlight the methodologic paradigm that led to identification of DISC1 and review the supporting genetic and biological evidence. The(More)
In the search for the biological causes of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, glutamate neurotransmission has emerged as one of a number of candidate processes and pathways where underlying gene deficits may be present. The analysis of chromosomal rearrangements in individuals diagnosed with neuropsychiatric disorders is an established route to candidate(More)