Pious Thomas

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AIMS To isolate and characterize the alcohol-surviving covert bacterium associated with grape tissue culture. METHODS AND RESULTS Single colony was isolated by plating the spent rectified spirit used during grape culturing and the organism was identified as Bacillus pumilus using partial 16S rDNA sequence data. Spotting tests (1 microl) using 3-day-old(More)
Triploid watermelon (Citrullus lanatus [Thunb.] Matsum. & Nakai) Arka Manik cultures exhibited a general pale color and yellowing of lower leaves by 3–4 wk following subculturing to fresh medium. Protecting the medium from light by covering the surface with sterile aluminum foil significantly improved leaf color and chlorophyll content by 50–60%. Raising(More)
AIMS To characterize the alcohol-surviving bacterial isolate ARBG1 from in vitro grapes (Vitis vinifera). METHODS AND RESULTS Two bacterial strains that survived in covert form in grape cultures were isolated from the spent alcohol used for disinfecting the tools of which one (ARBG2) was characterized earlier. The present study describes characterization(More)
In vitro cultures of triploid seedless watermelon cv. Arka Manik displayed a decline in shoot and root growth after 4–5 years of active culturing. Visibly clean cultures upon indexing on enriched media showed covert bacteria, and a significant improvement in proliferation and rooting in response to surface sterilization. The bacteria however survived(More)
The present study was undertaken to investigate the efficacy of low-dose irradiation to improve the microbial safety of ice cream. Initially three different flavors (vanilla, strawberry and chocolate) of ice cream were exposed, at -72 degrees C, to doses of 1, 2, 5, 10 and 30 kGy to gamma-radiation. Irradiation at 1 kGy resulted in reduction of microbial(More)
A cultivation-based assessment of endophytic bacteria present in deep-seated shoot tips of banana suckers was made with a view to generate information on the associated organisms, potential endophytic contaminants in tissue-cultured bananas and to assess if the endophytes shared a beneficial relationship with the host. Plating the tissue homogenate from the(More)
In this article we describe the identification of endophytic bacteria belonging to three groups isolated from shoot tip cultures of banana cv. Grand Naine in a recent study (Thomas et al. 2008) based on partial 16S rRNA gene sequence homology analysis. The first group included banana stocks that displayed obvious colony growth on MS based tissue culture(More)
It is generally believed that endophytic microorganisms are intercellular inhabitants present in either cultivable or non-cultivable form primarily as root colonizers. The objective of this study was to determine whether the actively mobile micro-particles observed in the intracellular matrix of fresh tissue sections of banana included endophytic bacteria.(More)
In an effort to develop a sustainable protocol for the micropropagation of a shy suckering elite chrysanthemum cv. Arka Swarna (yellow pompon type), in vitro cultures were established using surface-sterilized nodal microcuttings (1–1.5 cm) from polyhouse-grown plants on MS medium containing 3% sucrose, 0.25% phytagel, and 5 μM benzyl adenine (BA) or(More)