Piotr S. J. Sowinski

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Transitory global cerebral ischaemia induced in rats by four vessel occlusion for 15 min produced substantial loss of CA1 cells in dorsal hippocampus, and minimal damage in other intra- and extrahippocampal forebrain regions examined. Ischaemic rats showed long-lasting deficits in spatial navigation in the water-maze, consisting of impaired learning to(More)
Functional effects of fetal hippocampal field grafts were assessed in rats with spatial learning and memory impairments following global cerebral ischaemia. Experiment 1 examined effects of grafts dissected from fields CA1 and CA3 at embryonic day 19 and from the dentate gyrus at postnatal day 1. Cell suspensions (15,000 cells/site) were implanted(More)
The delayed consequences of radiation damage on learning and memory in rats were assessed over a period of 44 weeks, commencing 26 weeks after local irradiation of the brain with single doses of X-rays. Doses were set at levels known to produce vascular changes alone (20 Gy) or vascular changes followed by necrosis (25 Gy). Following T-maze training, 29(More)
4-Amino-2-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-5-(2,3,5-trichlorophenyl)pyrimidine (BW619C89) is a sodium channel antagonist which when administered parenterally reduces neurological deficit and infarct volume after middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats. We have investigated whether BW619C89 administered orally before middle cerebral artery occlusion is(More)
BW619C89 (4-amino-2-(4-methylpiperazin-l-yl)-5-(2,3,5-trichlorophenyl) pyrimidine) was evaluated for cerebroprotection after focal or global ischaemia. BW619C89, as the mesylate dihydrate salt, 20 mg kg-1, i.v. for 10 min immediately, or with a 1 h delay after permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion in Fischer rats reduces cortical infarct volume(More)
Groups of rats which had undergone global ischaemia for 10, 15 or 20 min using the four-vessel occlusion technique were compared with sham-operated controls on learning to locate a submerged platform in both acquisition and working memory tasks in a standard Morris water maze, and in a working memory task in an eight-channel water radial maze. Ischaemic(More)
Common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus, n = 18) were trained to discriminate between rewarded and non-rewarded objects (simple discriminations, SDs) and to make conditional discriminations (CDs) when presented sequentially with two different pairs of identical objects signifying reward either in the right or left food well of the Wisconsin General Test(More)
Transitory global cerebral ischaemia produced in rats by four vessel occlusion for 15 min produced substantial loss of CA1 cells in dorsal hippocampus and minimal other intra- and extra-hippocampal damage. Ischaemic rats showed a long-lasting impairment in spatial navigation in the water maze, and such impairment was sensitive to task difficulty. Groups of(More)
Late fetal CA1 hippocampal grafts and stem cell grafts from the conditionally immortal MHP36 clonal line derived from the H-2Kb-tsA58 transgenic mouse neuroepithelium both improved spatial deficits in rats with ischaemic CA1 damage induced by four-vessel occlusion (4VO). However, the distribution of fetal and MHP36 grafts differed. Fetal cells lodged in(More)
Hippocampal cell loss was induced by the four-vessel occlusion (4VO) method, a model of global ischaemia. Global ischaemia for 15 min induced a selective damage to the CA1 subfield. Occlusion for 25 min produced a larger cell loss within the CA1 and more variably the CA2, CA3, the striatum and cortex. Ischaemic and sham control groups were assessed on two(More)