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Although differences in the quality of oocytes derived from young gilts and adult sows are well documented, evidence concerning gametes of pre-pubertal and cycling gilts is scarce and inconsistent. The aim of this work was to establish whether sexual maturity of gilts affects the quality of their oocytes with the use of the brilliant cresyl blue (BCB) test,(More)
Three Sus scrofa Piwi genes (Piwil1, Piwil2 and Piwil4) encoding proteins of 861, 985 and 853 aminoacids, respectively, were cloned and sequenced. Alignment of the Piwi proteins showed the high identity between Sus scrofa and Homo sapiens. Relative transcript abundance of porcine Piwil1, Piwil2 and Piwil4 genes in testes, ovaries and oocytes derived from(More)
Embryo quality related to its developmental potential is now one of the most important issues in modern embryology. It has been demonstrated that some in vitro produced blastocysts fail to hatch and implant after transfer despite a normal morphology. Although embryos are able to adjust to sub-optimal culture conditions, significant changes in expression(More)
Preimplantation bovine development is emerging as an attractive experimental model, yet little is known about the mechanisms underlying trophoblast (TE)/inner cell mass (ICM) segregation in cattle. To gain an insight into these processes we have studied protein and mRNA distribution during the crucial stages of bovine development. Protein distribution of(More)
Cell differentiation is based on a synchronised orchestra of complex pathways of intrinsic and extrinsic signals that manifest in the induced expression of specific transcription factors and pivotal genes within the nucleus. One cannot ignore the epigenetic status of differentiating cells, comprising not only histones and DNA modifications but also the(More)
The Brilliant Cresyl Blue (BCB) test relies on G6PDH activity and a simple protocol for the selection of higher quality oocytes. Although the BCB+ oocytes of all the species that have been investigated are characterized by superior quality when compared to BCB- counterparts, application of the test for embryo production still remains an open issue. The aim(More)
Numerous attempts have been recently made in the search for a reliable, fast and noninvasive assay for selection of oocytes suitable for in vitro embryo production. Potential markers have been described in the follicle such as follicular fluid (FF) or cumulus cells (CCs). However, the reported findings are contradictory, which may reflect the complexity of(More)
Apart from the well-known role of somatic cell count as a parameter reflecting the inflammatory status of the mammary gland, the composition of cells isolated from milk is considered as a valuable material for gene expression studies in mammals. Due to its unique composition, in recent years an increasing interest in mare's milk consumption has been(More)
Chromosomal imbalance in gametes and embryos is one of the factors contributing to early embryonic mortality. Although the rate of chromosomally abnormal sperm cells is low and usually does not exceed 1%, there is no clear indication of fertilizing potential of such gametes. The aim of the experiment was to investigate the type and incidence of numerical(More)
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