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We have investigated the question whether during chromosomal DNA replication in Escherichia coli the two DNA strands may be replicated with differential accuracy. This possibility of differential replication fidelity arises from the distinct modes of replication in the two strands, one strand (the leading strand) being synthesized continuously, the other(More)
DNA containing the Escherichia coli dam gene and sequences upstream from this gene were cloned from the Clarke-Carbon plasmids pLC29-47 and pLC13-42. Promoter activity was localized using pKO expression vectors and galactokinase assays to two regions, one 1650-2100 bp and the other beyond 2400 bp upstream of the dam gene. No promoter activity was detected(More)
We have investigated whether DNA polymerase IV (Pol IV; the dinB gene product) contributes to the error rate of chromosomal DNA replication in Escherichia coli. We compared mutation frequencies in mismatch repair-defective strains that were either dinB positive or dinB deficient, using a series of mutational markers, including lac targets in both(More)
It has been found that the mutator phenotype of the recA441 and recA730 strains that express the SOS response constitutively is suppressed by pIP1, a high-copy plasmid carrying the dnaQ gene encoding the 3'----5' exonuclease subunit (epsilon) of DNA polymerase III. We have constructed plasmid pIP11, in which the dnaQ gene is fused to the strong tac(More)
E. coli strains bearing the recA441 mutation and various mutations in the polA gene resulting in enzymatically well-defined deficiencies of DNA polymerase I have been constructed. It was found that the recA441 strains bearing either the polA1 or polA12 mutation causing deficiency of the polymerase activity of pol I are unable to grow at 42 degrees C on(More)
High accuracy (fidelity) of DNA replication is important for cells to preserve the genetic identity and to prevent the accumulation of deleterious mutations. The error rate during DNA replication is as low as 10(-9) to 10(-11) errors per base pair. How this low level is achieved is an issue of major interest. This review is concerned with the mechanisms(More)
Constitutive expression of the SOS regulon in Escherichia coli recA730 strains leads to a mutator phenotype (SOS mutator) that is dependent on DNA polymerase V (umuDC gene product). Here we show that a significant fraction of this effect also requires DNA polymerase IV (dinB gene product).
The dnaX36(TS) mutant of Escherichia coli confers a distinct mutator phenotype characterized by enhancement of transversion base substitutions and certain (-1) frameshift mutations. Here, we have further investigated the possible mechanism(s) underlying this mutator effect, focusing in particular on the role of the various E. coli DNA polymerases. The dnaX(More)
A major pathway of mutagenesis in Escherichia coli is mediated by the inducible SOS response. Current models of SOS mutagenesis invoke the interaction of RecA and UmuD'(2)C proteins with a stalled DNA replication complex at sites of DNA lesions or poorly extendable terminal mismatches, resulting in an (error-prone) continuation of DNA synthesis. The precise(More)
Escherichia coli DNA polymerase III holoenzyme (HE) is the main replicase responsible for replication of the bacterial chromosome. E. coli contains four additional polymerases, and it is a relevant question whether these might also contribute to chromosomal replication and its fidelity. Here, we have investigated the role of DNA polymerase II (Pol II) (polB(More)