Piotr J. Mak

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The use of hybrid hemoglobin (Hb), with mesoheme substituted for protoheme, allows separate monitoring of the α or β hemes along the allosteric pathway. Using resonance Raman (rR) spectroscopy in silica gel, which greatly slows protein motions, we have observed that the Fe-histidine stretching frequency, νFeHis, which is a monitor of heme reactivity,(More)
The cytochromes P450 (CYPs) are heme proteins responsible for the oxidation of xenobiotics and pharmaceuticals and the biosynthesis of essential steroid products. In all cases, substrate binding initiates the enzymatic cycle, converting ferric low spin (LS) to high-spin (HS), with the efficiency of the conversion varying widely for different substrates, so(More)
Resonance Raman (RR) spectroscopy is used to help define active site structural responses of nanodisc-incorporated CYP3A4 to the binding of three substrates: bromocriptine (BC), erythromycin (ERY), and testosterone (TST). We demonstrate that nanodisc-incorporated assemblies reveal much more well-defined active site RR spectroscopic responses as compared to(More)
Ablation of androgen production through surgery is one strategy against prostate cancer, with the current focus placed on pharmaceutical intervention to restrict androgen synthesis selectively, an endeavor that could benefit from the enhanced understanding of enzymatic mechanisms that derives from characterization of key reaction intermediates. The(More)
In an attempt to gain further insight into the nature of the low frequency vibrational modes of hemoglobin and its isolated subunits, a comprehensive study of several different isotopically labeled analogues has been undertaken and is reported herein. Specifically, the resonance Raman spectra, between 200 and 500 cm(-1), are reported for the deoxy and(More)
Members of the widely distributed cytochrome P450 class of monoxygenases, or CYPs, generate highly reactive oxygenderived intermediates that effect a diverse set of reactions, including hydroxylation and epoxidation of relatively inert substrates, thereby facilitating such important physiological functions such as steroid biosynthesis and metabolism of(More)
The cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (P450s) are thiolate heme proteins that can, often under physiological conditions, catalyze many distinct oxidative transformations on a wide variety of molecules, including relatively simple alkanes or fatty acids, as well as more complex compounds such as steroids and exogenous pollutants. They perform such impressive(More)
Resonance Raman spectra are reported for substrate-free and camphor-bound cytochrome P450cam and its isotopically labeled analogues that have been reconstituted with protoheme derivatives that bear -CD(3) groups at the 1, 3, 5, and 8-positions (d12-protoheme) or deuterated methine carbons (d4-protoheme). In agreement with previous studies of this and(More)