Piotr Grzelak

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Dysfunction of the glutamatergic system, the main stimulating system in the brain, has a major role in pathogenesis of schizophrenia. The frontal white matter (WM) is partially composed of axons from glutamatergic pyramidal neurons and glia with glutamatergic receptors. The natural amino acid sarcosine, a component of a normal diet, inhibits the glycine(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Progress in neurooncology suggests a need to combine information from anatomical-morphological and functional imaging in diagnosis and management. It is not always possible to establish a correct diagnosis using MRI imaging techniques alone, especially in the case of recurrent brain tumors. It is suggested that the results of(More)
INTRODUCTION Even in asymptomatic patients, the result of atherosclerosis progression is deterioration of the function and morphology of the artery wall. Two-dimensional speckle-tracking (2DST) is a sonographic technique that allows for precise evaluation of arterial wall compliance. Together with measurement of intima-media thickness (IMT), it can be(More)
PURPOSE The shape and size of the suprascapular notch (SSN) is one of the most important risk factors in suprascapular nerve entrapment. The aim of the study was to perform a morphological study of SSN variations. METHODS A total of 616 computer tomography scans of scapulae were retrospectively analysed in 308 patients. The examination focused on the(More)
INTRODUCTION Haemorrhagic complications are commonly reported in the course of acute pancreatitis (AP). The most dangerous are pseudoaneurysms secondary to wall erosion of the vessels crossing the inflammation area. AIM To evaluate the efficacy of different embolisation techniques of pseudoaneurysms secondary to AP. MATERIAL AND METHODS The treatment(More)
BACKGROUND At present, there is a number of diagnostic imaging procedures allowing for the evaluation of atherosclerosis. The earliest, subclinical stage of atherosclerosis can be visualized with the development of computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound (US) techniques. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the degree of coronary artery(More)
BACKGROUND Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic granulomatous disease of unknown etiology that predominantly affects lungs and intrathoracic lymph nodes; in rare cases (approx. 10%), infiltration of the spleen and liver may be observed. In order to identify hepatosplenic infiltration, MRI/CT of the abdomen and different ultrasound techniques (PD US, US D) are(More)
BACKGROUND Although ultrasound (US) has a wide range of applications in orthopedic diagnostics, sonographic evaluation of traumatic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) insufficiency is still inadequate. There is a growing need for diagnostic tests that allow for simple and reliable assessment of ACL instability. This investigation aims to evaluate feasibility(More)
Glutamatergic system, the main stimulating system of the brain, plays an important role in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Hippocampus, a structure crucial for memory and cognitive functions and rich in glutamatergic neurons, is a natural object of interest in studies on psychoses. Sarcosine, a glycine transporter (GlyT-1) inhibitor influences the(More)
The most important risk factor of suprascapular nerve entrapment is probably the shape of the suprascapular notch (SSN). The aim of the study was to perform a radiological study of the symmetry of SSN. Included in the study were 311 patients (137 women and 174 men) who underwent standard computed tomography investigation of the chest. A total of 622(More)