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BACKGROUND At present, endothelial dysfunction is best assessed in vivo with measurement of flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) with Doppler ultrasound scanning. This test, however, does not account for the subject's age and is uncomfortable for patients. The aim of the study was to compare a new test for endothelium function assessment using hand exercise load.(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this prospective cohort study was to evaluate the progression of coronary artery calcification (CAC), and atherosclerosis in hemodialysis (HD) patients and to relate them to novel biomarkers, i.e. serum osteoprotegerin (OPG) and fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23). MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty-seven HD patients were followed up for 30(More)
The necessity for identification of risk factors for Anterior Cruciate Ligament, ACL injury has challenged many investigators. Many authors have reported lower Notch Width Index, NWI measured on radiographs in patients with midsubstance ACL lesions compared to control groups. Since a narrow intercondylar notch has been implicated as a possible risk factor(More)
AIM Both vascular calcification and atherosclerosis are highly prevalent in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and have been associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity. Because those two phenomena might be only coincidentally related in chronic haemodialysis (HD) patients, in this study, coronary artery calcification (CAC), common carotid(More)
The causes of metabolic brain changes in patients with anorexia nervosa are still not fully explained. The purpose of this study was to use the 1H-MRS method in investigating metabolic changes in the brain of patients with anorexia nervosa. We studied 10 patients for visible alternations in brain metabolism and compared the results to healthy controls.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Progress in neurooncology suggests a need to combine information from anatomical-morphological and functional imaging in diagnosis and management. It is not always possible to establish a correct diagnosis using MRI imaging techniques alone, especially in the case of recurrent brain tumors. It is suggested that the results of(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the disturbances in perfusion of transplanted kidneys (KTx) following an acute occlusion of 1 of the supernumerary renal arteries (SRA). We compared the differences in echogenicity and the size of ischemic areas between routine B mode ultrasonography with Doppler evaluation (US-CD) and contrast-enhanced(More)
Dysfunction of the glutamatergic system, the main stimulating system in the brain, has a major role in pathogenesis of schizophrenia. The frontal white matter (WM) is partially composed of axons from glutamatergic pyramidal neurons and glia with glutamatergic receptors. The natural amino acid sarcosine, a component of a normal diet, inhibits the glycine(More)
AIM The objective of this study was to assess the effect of age on vascular reactivity in patients with Type 1 diabetes. METHODS Forty-five patients with Type 1 diabetes and 71 healthy control subjects, divided into three age groups (18-30, 31-45 and 46-60 years old), underwent assessment of vascular reactivity based on ultrasound examination of a(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of a new ultrasound technique - contrast-enhanced ultrasound examination (US-CE) - using sulphur hexafluoride in the early post-transplant assessment of graft perfusion. Time-intensity curves (TIC) were compared with hemodynamic flow parameters (resistive index: RI) in patients with good early(More)