Piotr Bobrowicz

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The secretory pathway of Pichia pastoris was genetically re-engineered to perform sequential glycosylation reactions that mimic early processing of N-glycans in humans and other higher mammals. After eliminating nonhuman glycosylation by deleting the initiating alpha-1,6-mannosyltransferase gene from P. pastoris, several combinatorial genetic libraries were(More)
MAP kinases homologous to Saccharomyces cerevisiae Fus3p/Kss1p have been identified in plant pathogenic fungi and are required for pathogenicity and sexual reproduction. To better understand the role of MAP kinase signaling in Neurospora crassa, and to identify downstream target genes of the pathway, we isolated, cloned, and disrupted the FUS3 homolog(More)
Pheromones play important roles in female and male behaviour in the filamentous ascomycete fungi. To begin to explore the role of pheromones in mating, we have identified the genes encoding the sex pheromones of the heterothallic species Neurospora crassa. One gene, expressed exclusively in mat A strains, encodes a polypeptide containing multiple repeats of(More)
As the fastest growing class of therapeutic proteins, monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) represent a major potential drug class. Human antibodies are glycosylated in their native state and all clinically approved mAbs are produced by mammalian cell lines, which secrete mAbs with glycosylation structures that are similar, but not identical, to their human(More)
A significant percentage of eukaryotic proteins contain posttranslational modifications, including glycosylation, which are required for biological function. However, the understanding of the structure-function relationships of N-glycans has lagged significantly due to the microheterogeneity of glycosylation in mammalian produced proteins. Recently we(More)
Structural studies of cell wall components of the pathogenic yeast Candida albicans have demonstrated the presence of beta-1,2-linked oligomannosides in phosphopeptidomannan and phospholipomannan. During C. albicans infection, beta-1,2-oligomannosides play an important role in host/pathogen interactions by acting as adhesins and by interfering with the host(More)
Yeast is a widely used recombinant protein expression system. We expanded its utility by engineering the yeast Pichia pastoris to secrete human glycoproteins with fully complex terminally sialylated N-glycans. After the knockout of four genes to eliminate yeast-specific glycosylation, we introduced 14 heterologous genes, allowing us to replicate the(More)
A family of nine genes encoding proteins involved in the synthesis of β-1,2 mannose adhesins of Candida albicans has been identified. Four of these genes, BMT1-4, encode enzymes acting stepwise to add β-mannoses on to cell-wall phosphopeptidomannan (PPM). None of these acts on phospholipomannan (PLM), a glycosphingolipid member of the(More)
A simple cell labeling method for sorting yeast Pichia pastoris antibody expressing strains is described. A small portion of secreted recombinant antibody retained on the cell surface was labeled with fluorescence detection antibody. The signal intensity of the labeled cell was correlated with the cell's antibody productivity. Using this labeling technique(More)
To humanize the glycosylation pathway in the yeast Pichia pastoris, we developed several combinatorial genetic libraries and used them to properly localize active eukaryotic mannosidases and sugar transferases. Here we report the details of the fusion of up to 66 N-terminal targeting sequences of fungal type II membrane proteins to 33 catalytic domains of(More)