Piotr A Ziolkowski

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In fungi and mammals, the majority of meiotic recombination occurs in narrow (1–2 kb) hot spots1–3. Human and mouse hot spots are targeted to DNA sequence motifs by the zinc finger domain protein PRDM9 (refs. 4–11). PRDM9-dependent crossovers occur mainly in intergenic regions and introns, with the lowest amount of recombination occurring in exons9,12.(More)
Since the tetraploidization of the Arabidopsis thaliana ancestor 30-35 million years ago (Mya), a wave of chromosomal rearrangements have modified its genome architecture. The dynamics of this process is unknown, as it has so far been impossible to date individual rearrangement events. In this paper, we present evidence demonstrating that the majority of(More)
To improve resolution of physical mapping on Brassica chromosomes, we have chosen the pachytene stage of meiosis where incompletely condensed bivalents are much longer than their counterparts at mitotic metaphase. Mapping with 5S and 45S rDNA sequences demonstrated the advantage of pachytene chromosomes in efficient physical mapping and confirmed the(More)
Large differences in plant genome sizes are mainly due to numerous events of insertions or deletions (indels). The balance between these events determines the evolutionary direction of genome changes. To address the question of what phenomena trigger these alterations, we compared the genomic sequences of two Arabidopsis thaliana lines, Columbia (Col) and(More)
Using the extensive segmental duplications of the Arabidopsis thaliana genome, a comparative study of homoeologous segments occurring in chromosomes 1, 2, 4 and 5 was performed. The gene-by-gene BLASTP approach was applied to identify duplicated genes in homoeologues. The levels of synonymous substitutions between duplicated coding sequences suggest that(More)
We further investigated genome macrosynteny for Brassica species and Arabidopsis thaliana. This work aimed at comparative map construction for B. oleracea and A. thaliana chromosomes based on 160 known A. thaliana probes: 147 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) and 13 full-length cDNA clones. Based on an in silico study of the A. thaliana genome, most of the(More)
PRDM9 directs human meiotic crossover hot spots to intergenic sequence motifs, whereas budding yeast hot spots overlap regions of low nucleosome density (LND) in gene promoters. To investigate hot spots in plants, which lack PRDM9, we used coalescent analysis of genetic variation in Arabidopsis thaliana. Crossovers increased toward gene promoters and(More)
During meiosis, reciprocal exchange between homologous chromosomes occurs as a result of crossovers (COs). CO frequency varies within genomes and is subject to genetic, epigenetic and environmental control. As robust measurement of COs is limited by their low numbers, typically 1-2 per chromosome, we adapted flow cytometry for use with Arabidopsis(More)
During meiosis homologous chromosomes undergo crossover recombination. Sequence differences between homologs can locally inhibit crossovers. Despite this, nucleotide diversity and population-scaled recombination are positively correlated in eukaryote genomes. To investigate interactions between heterozygosity and recombination we crossed Arabidopsis lines(More)
Histone acetyltransferase complex NuA4 and histone variant exchanging complex SWR1 are two chromatin modifying complexes which act cooperatively in yeast and share some intriguing structural similarities. Protein subunits of NuA4 and SWR1-C are highly conserved across eukaryotes, but form different multiprotein arrangements. For example, the human(More)