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Hypothalamic pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons help regulate long-term energy stores. POMC neurons are also found in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS), a region regulating satiety. We show here that mouse brainstem NTS POMC neurons are activated by cholecystokinin (CCK) and feeding-induced satiety and that activation of the neuronal melanocortin-4(More)
Biodegradable type I collagen tube grafts filled longitudinally with laminin and fibronectin double coated collagen fiber bundles (L-F grafts) were implanted to promote sciatic nerve regeneration in rats. Grafts filled with uncoated collagen fibers were used as control. A 1 cm defect on the right sciatic nerve was filled with a graft in the manner of(More)
The central melanocortin system plays a critical role in regulation of energy balance, including thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT). Activation of the hypothalamic melanocortin signaling stimulates sympathetically-mediated interscapular BAT (IBAT) thermogenesis. The rostral raphe pallidus (rRPa) and adjacent area have been proposed as the location(More)
Brainstem raphe pallidus and the adjacent area contain a novel action site in the melanocortin circuitry regulating energy balance Abstract The central melanocortin system plays a critical role in the regulation of energy balance in rodents and humans. The melanocortin signals in both the hypothalamus and brainstem contribute to this regulation. However,(More)
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