Pinky D. Kushner

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The peptide growth factor Activin A has been shown to induce complete axial structures in explanted blastula animal caps. However, it is not understood how much this response to activin depends upon early signals that prepattern the ectoderm. We have therefore asked what tissues can be induced in blastula animal caps by activin in the absence of early(More)
Monoclonal antibody immunocytochemistry was used to examine spinal cord and muscle in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis for changes that would indicate ongoing or potential immune activity. Increased expression of class I and II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigens was seen in the affected areas of spinal cord. New MHC expression was concentrated in(More)
Widespread astrogliosis exists in the subcortical white matter in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). As revealed by glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) immunostaining, the gliosis has the morphological properties of an active process. It is present in the midfrontal, inferior parietal, temporal, cingulate, and occipital cortices, as well as in the(More)
Explorations into the crustacean stomatogastric nervous system have focused on the stomatogastric ganglion as a paradigm of neural mechanisms and integrative circuitry. Emerging evidence implicates dopamine as a fundamental modulator of the bursting pacemaker neurons and many of the intraganglionic rhythms. The present paper has employed(More)
The distribution of reactive astrocytes was examined in the cortical gray matter of non-motor and motor regions from cases of familial and sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and compared to that of beta-amyloid deposits. By glial fibrillary acidic protein immunocytochemistry, patches of reactive astrocytes, characterized by multiple reactive(More)
The plasma membrane of electric organ nerve terminals has two domains that can be distinguished by monoclonal antibodies. A library of 111 mouse monoclonal antibodies raised to nerve terminals from Torpedo californica contains 4 antibodies that bind specifically to the outside of intact synaptosomes. The distribution of the binding sites of these monoclonal(More)
The spiny lobster stomatogastric ganglion has been shown to be innervated by catecholaminergic processes which derive from cells of large central ganglia (Kushner and Maynard, 1977). Biochemical evidence had indicated that the stomatogastric system synthesizes dopamine and not norepinephrine from tritiated tyrosine (Barker, Kushner, and Hooper, 1979).(More)
Copper, zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) is involved in neutralizing free radicals within cells, and mutant forms of the enzyme have recently been shown to occur in about 20% of familial cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). To explore the mechanism of SOD1 involvement in ALS, we have analyzed SOD1 in sporadic ALS using activity assays and(More)
The mature nervous system contains functional synaptic networks composed of neuronal sets and subsets whose identity and maintenance may rely on external surface molecules specific for these neuronal subdivisions. Such molecules may reside permanently on specific neurons, serving to identify those neurons within a complex population. From a collection of(More)
A library of monoclonal antibodies was generated to the cholinergic synaptosome. The immunogen was a preparation of highly purified synaptosomes from Torpedo electric organ. One hundred forty-one hybridoma cell lines were generated from the fusion of a single mouse. Tests reveal these cells produce antibodies with a vast range of neuronal specificities. The(More)